AP European History Course Outline

Since 1450, the study of European history nurtured students with cultural, economic, political and social developments that had played a crucial role in shaping the world in which they are living. In the absence of such knowledge, we would lack the context for understanding the development of contemporary institutions, the role of continuity and change in present-day society and politics as well as the evolution of current forms of artistic expression and intellectual discourse. Also in giving a basic narrative of events and movements, the aims of the AP program in European History are to enhance an-

  1. Understanding of the important themes in modern European History.

  2. Ability to analyze historical evidence and interpretation.

  3. Ability to show historical understanding in writing. The course will focus on the following themes quoted below: Intellectual and Cultural History

    • Changes in religious thought and institutions.
    • Secularization of learning and culture.
    • Scientific and technological developments and their consequences.
    • Major trends in literature and the arts.
    • Intellectual and cultural developments and their relationship to social values and political events.
    • Developments in social, economic and political thoughts.
    • Developments in literacy, education and communication.
    • Diffusion of new intellectual concepts among different social groups.
    • Changes in elite and popular culture such as the development of new attitudes toward religion, the family, work and ritual.
    • Impact of global expansion on European culture

    Political and Diplomatic History

    • Rise and functioning of the modern state in its different forms.
    • Relations between Europe and other parts of the world: Colonialism, imperialism, decolonization and global interdependence.
    • Evolution of political elites and the development of political parties, ideologies and other forms of mass politics.
    • Extension as well as limitation of rights and liberties i.e.personal, civic, economic, and political; majority and minority political persecutions.
    • Growth and changing forms of nationalism.
    • Forms of political protest, reform and revolution.
    • Relationships between domestic and foreign policies.
    • Efforts to restrain conflict: Treaties, balance-of-power diplomacy, and international organizations.
    • War and civil conflict: Origins, developments, technology and related consequences.

    Social and Economic History

    • Characteristics and changes in agricultural production and organization.
    • Role of urbanization in changing cultural values and social relationships.
    • Shift in social structures from hierarchical orders to modern social classes: Changing distribution of wealth and poverty.
    • Influence and impact of sanitation and health care practices on society; food supply, diet, famine.
    • Development of commercial practices, patterns of mass production as well as consumption and their economic and social impact.
    • Changing definitions of and attitudes toward mainstream groups and groups characterized as the “other”
    • Origins, development and consequences of industrialization.
    • Alteration in the demographic structure and reproductive patterns of Europeans: Causes and consequences.
    • Gender roles and their influence on work, social structure, family structure, and interest group formation.
    • Growth of competition and interdependence in national and world markets.
    • Private and state roles in economic activity.
    • Development and transformation of racial and ethnic group identities.