AP Human Geography Course Outline

The main aim of the AP course in Human Geography is to introduce students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface. Students use spatial concepts and landscape analysis to evaluate human social organization and its environmental consequences. They should also learn about the methods as well as tools that geographers use in their science and practice.

In an AP Human Geography course, topics should be evaluated in light of the following five college-level goals that build on the National Geography Standards developed in 1994. On the completion of course, the student should be able to:

  • Use and Think About Maps and Spatial Data.
  • Geography is basically related with the ways in which patterns on Earth's surface reflect and influence physical and human processes. Maps and spatial data are fundamental to the discipline and learning to use and think about them is critical to geographical literacy. The aim or purpose will be achieved when students learn to use maps and spatial data to pose and solve problems, and when they learn to think critically about what is disclose and what is hidden in different maps and spatial arrays.
  • Understand and Interpret Implications of Associations Among Phenomena in Places Geography looks at the world from a spatial perspective-seeking to understand the changing spatial organization and material character of Earth's surface. Critical benefits of a spatial perspective is the attention it aims on how phenomena are related to one another in particular places. Students should thus learn not just to recognize and interpret patterns, but to assess the nature and significance of the relationships among phenomena that occur in the same place and to understand how tastes and values, political regulations, and economic constraints work together to create particular types of cultural landscapes
  • Recognize and Interpret at Different Scales Relationships Among Patterns and Processes. Geographical analysis needs a sensitivity to scale, not just as a spatial category but as a framework for understanding how events and processes at different scales influence one another. Thus, students should understand that the phenomena they are studying at one scale e. g. local may well be influenced by developments at other scales e. g. regional, national or global. They should then look at processes operating at multiple scales when seeking explanations of geographic patterns and arrangements. Define
  • Regions and Examine the Regionalization Process Geography is related not simply with describing patterns, but with analysing how they came about and what they mean. Students should see regions as objects of analysis and exploration and move beyond simply locating and describing regions to considering how and why they come into being-and what they reveal about the changing character of the world in which we live Characterize and Analyze Changing Interconnections
  • Among Places At the heart of a geographical perspective is a concern with the ways in which events and processes operating in one place can influence those operating at other places. Thus, students should view places and patterns not in isolation, but in terms of their spatial and functional relationship with other places and patterns, also they should strive to be aware that those relationships are constantly changing i.e.dynamic and they should understand how and why change occurs.

Course Outline

The topics quoted below will be covered in the course:

Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives (5%-10%)

  • Geography as a field of inquiry
  • Evolution of key geographical concepts and models associated with notable geographers
  • Key concepts underlying the geographical perspective: Location, space, place, scale, pattern, regionalization, and globalization
  • Key geographical skills
  • New geographic technologies, such as GIS and GPS
  • Sources of geographical ideas and data: The field, census data

Population (13%-17%)

  • Geographical analysis of population
  • Population growth and decline over time and space
  • Population movement

Cultural Patterns and Processes (13%-17%)

  • Concepts of culture
  • Cultural differences
  • Environmental impact of cultural attitudes and practices
  • Cultural landscapes and cultural identity

Political Organization of Space (13%-17%)

  • Territorial dimensions of politics
  • Evolution of the contemporary political pattern
  • Challenges to inherited political-territorial arrangements

Agricultural and Rural Land Use (13%-17%)

  • Development and diffusion of agriculture
  • Major agricultural production regions
  • Rural land use and settlement patterns
  • Modern commercial agriculture: The Third Agricultural Revolution

Industrialization and Economic Development (13%-17%)

  • Key concepts in industrialization and development
  • Growth and diffusion of industrialization
  • Contemporary patterns and impacts of industrialization and development

Cities and Urban Land Use (13%-17%)

  • Definitions of urbanism
  • Origin and evolution of cities
  • Functional character of contemporary cities
  • Built environment and social space