CBSE NET Human-Rights September-2013 Solved Paper III

  1. All Human Rights are inherent in all human beings because

    1. All Human Rights are provided by the state.

    2. Human Rights are being provided by the United Nations.

    3. Human beings are rational beings.

    4. Human rights are the product of social revolutions.

    Answer: c

  2. Which of the following is the exclusive contribution of the French Revolution in the discourse of human rights?

    1. Liberty

    2. Equality

    3. Fraternity

    4. Property

    Answer: c

  3. ‘Mandala Theory’ of inter state relations in ancient India was a contribution of

    1. Manu

    2. Brihaspati

    3. Kautilya

    4. Aryabhatt

    Answer: c

  4. Right to freedom of speech and expression includes

    1. Right to Contest elections

    2. Right to Judicial remedies

    3. Right against defamation

    4. Freedom of press

    Answer: d

  5. The notion of collective rights does not include

    1. Right to Development

    2. Right to Habitation

    3. Right to Self-Determination

    4. Right to Safe Environment

    Answer: b

  6. When the Convention on the Rights of the child was adopted by the UN General Assembly?

    1. on 18th March 1992

    2. on 24th January 1982

    3. on 20th November 1989

    4. on 10th December 1999

    Answer: c

  7. ‘Convention on the Indigenous and Tribal peoples in independent countries’ was adopted on the initiatives of

    1. World Health Organization

    2. International Labour Organization

    3. United Nations Human Rights Council

    4. Food and Agricultural Organisation

    Answer: b

  8. The International Court of Justice is located in

    1. Paris

    2. Geneva

    3. The Hague

    4. Brussels

    Answer: c

  9. To solve the problem of Urban poverty in the country, the central government initiated the programme called

    1. Prime Minister's Shahari Rojgar Yojana

    2. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana

    3. August Kranti Shahari Rojgar Yojana

    4. President's Shahari Rojgar Yojana

    Answer: b

  10. Who of the following headed the committee to study the problems of Unorganized workers in India?

    1. Nitish Sengupta

    2. Arjun Sengupta

    3. Ravi Shrivastava

    4. Ashok Mitra

    Answer: b

  11. Vishakha vs. State of Rajasthan case dealt with

    1. Prevention of Domestic violence against women

    2. Sexual violence against women at workplace

    3. Ban on the practice of female infanticide

    4. Promotion of educational and employment opportunities for women

    Answer: b

  12. ‘Consociational Model’ as a method of protection of the rights of minorities was developed by

    1. Will Kymlica

    2. Hanna Arendt

    3. Danial Flazar

    4. Arendt Lizphart

    Answer: d

  13. Which one of the following writs is issued to Courts, corporations or persons directing them to perform their public duty?

    1. Habeas Corpus

    2. Quo Warranto

    3. Mandomus

    4. Prohibition

    Answer: c

  14. The maintenance of Internal Security Act was passed in

    1. 1950

    2. 1971

    3. 1963

    4. 1991

    Answer: b

  15. Article 340 of the Indian Constitution deals with

    1. Backward Classes Commission

    2. Election Commission

    3. Union Public Service Commission

    4. Finance Commission

    Answer: a

  16. Movement for Dalit rights was not championed by

    1. Sri Narayan Guru

    2. Jyotirao Phule

    3. Mahadev Ranade

    4. B. R. Ambedkar

    Answer: c

  17. International Humanitarian Law is a

    1. Branch of International law which provides protection to human beings from the consequences of armed conflicts.

    2. Branch of Environmental law which provides protection to Environment.

    3. Branch of international law seeking intervention in the States violating human rights of the people.

    4. Branch of international law providing for humanitarian assistance to the people affected by natural disasters.

    Answer: a

  18. Universal Declaration of Human Rights contains

    1. 20 Articles

    2. 22 Articles

    3. 30 Articles

    4. 36 Articles

    Answer: c

  19. Cultural and educational rights do not includes the provisions

    1. Minorities have a right to protection.

    2. Minorities can preserve their language script, law and culture.

    3. Minorities cannot set up educational institutions.

    4. Governments will not discriminate while giving grants to minority institutions

    Answer: c

  20. Right to Information Act 2005 was the culmination of the sustained efforts of

    1. Baba Amte

    2. Savita Sinha

    3. Aruna Roy

    4. Anna Hazare

    Answer: c

  21. Which schedule of the India Constitution provides protection from judicial review to the law passed by legislatives?

    1. Fifth Schedule

    2. Seventh Schedule

    3. Ninth Schedule

    4. Eleventh Schedule

    Answer: c

  22. Amnesty International is based in which of the following countries?

    1. United States

    2. United Kingdom

    3. United Arab Emirates

    4. Canada

    Answer: b

  23. The Head Quarters of United Nations is located at

    1. New Delhi

    2. New York

    3. Geneva

    4. Hague

    Answer: b

  24. Sacher Committee Report dealt with the issue of

    1. Socio-Economic Development of Muslims

    2. All round development of Minorities

    3. Amelioration in the conditions of working women

    4. Decent and dignified treatment with prisoners of war

    Answer: a

  25. The People's Union for Civil Liberties and Democratic Rights (PUCLDR) was established in

    1. 1956

    2. 1966

    3. 1976

    4. 1986

    Answer: c

  26. Which of the following provisions articulate the constitutional vision of Justice in India?

    1. Free and Independent Judiciary

    2. Directive Principles of State policy

    3. Fundamental Duties

    4. Special Status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir

    Answer: b

  27. What is Sustainable Development?

    1. Development for infinity

    2. Development that lasts

    3. Permanent development

    4. Development for at least three generations

    Answer: b

  28. Protection of which of the followng is a fundamental duty?

    1. Village Panchayat

    2. Scheduled castes and Scheduled tribes

    3. Schools

    4. Wild life

    Answer: d

  29. Which of the following is a seminal contribution of the Universal declaration of Human Rights?

    1. Making human rights implementable

    2. International standard setting on human rights

    3. Paving way for conversion of human rights into fundamental rights.

    4. Facilitating creation of machinery for ensuring rights to all

    Answer: b

  30. Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the General Assembly on

    1. 26th June 1940

    2. 28th July 1942

    3. 30th August 1946

    4. 10th December 1948

    Answer: d

  31. Which of the following revolutions sought to provide on alternative perspective to the liberal discourse on human rights?

    1. British Glorious Revolution

    2. French Revolution

    3. Russian Revolution

    4. American Revolution

    Answer: c

  32. ‘Zakat’ as an important aspect of human duties is enunciated in

    1. Buddhism

    2. Islam

    3. Jainism

    4. Hinduism

    Answer: b

  33. Pacific methods of settlement of International disputes do not include

    1. Mediation

    2. Sanction

    3. Good offices

    4. Arbitration

    Answer: b

  34. Name the conference in which the importance of regional arrangements in protection and promotion of human rights was emphasised

    1. Tehran conference

    2. Vienna conference

    3. Helsinki conference

    4. Rio conference

    Answer: b

  35. Which of the following countries could not join the League of Nations in 1919 despite being the prime force behind its establishment?

    1. Italy

    2. America

    3. Britain

    4. Germany

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Migrant workers crossing borders worldwide are often denied the basic rights to life and are subjected to degrading treatment by border police.
    • Reason (R): The number of migrant workers around the world has steadily increased over the last two decades.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Directive principles also have another significant legal consequence within the domestic system. They affect the balancing between rights in a way which would not exist without these directive principles.
    • Reason (R): Different rights have to be interpreted in light of each other.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): CEDAW defines discrimination against women as any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise of human rights by women in political, social, economic, cultural, civil or any other field.
    • Reason (R): Discrimination against women is systematic and rooted in the institutions, attitudes and mindset of the society.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Within all traditions there have been a variety of thinkers who have propounded ideas of individual or collective liberties as well as those that have emphasised notions of discipline, obedience and duty over concepts of rights and freedoms.
    • Reason (R): All Human Rights are universal and interdependent.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): In those states in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities exist, persons belonging to such minorities shall not be denied the right, in community with the other members of their group, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practice their own religion or to use their own language.
    • Reason (R): Minorities, everywhere face discrimination.

    Code:

    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): On a global scale, women cultivate more than half of all the food that is grown. In Sub-Saharan African and the Caribbean, they produce upto 80 percent of food stuffs. In Asia, they account for around 50 percent of food production.
    • Reason (R): Women by nature are good only in agricultural work.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): The prohibition to torture is so absolute that if an individual is expected to be put to torture in a country upon reaching there, such an individual cannot be deported, extradited or otherwise returned to that country.
    • Reason (R): In every civilised society torture is denounced as barbaric, cruel and against human dignity.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Provisions of the Directive principles exhort the state that the operation of the economic system and the ownership and control of the material resources of the country subserve the common good.
    • Reason (R): Preamble of the constitution defines India as a Socialist state.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Human Rights are largely vertical in nature and are enforceable against the state and thus seek to regulate the relationship between the citizens and the State.
    • Reason (R): State has come into existence as a revolt of the agreement or consent of citizens and derives its legitimacy from such agreement.
    1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A).

    2. Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of (A).

    3. A is correct but R is incorrect.

    4. A is incorrect but R is correct.

    Answer: a

  36. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. The National Commission for Minorities Act 1.

    2. The Commission on Sati (prevention) Act

    3. The Dowry Prohibition Act

    4. The Juvenile Justice Act

    1. 61

    2. 1986

    3. 1992

    4. 1987

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: a

  37. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Minimises the chances of Revolution

    2. Adequate representation to Minorities

    3. Government by the few

    4. Strong government

    1. Multi-member constituencies

    2. Democracy

    3. Aristocracy

    4. Dictatorship

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: a

  38. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Negative Liberalism

    2. Positive Liberalism

    3. Modern individualism

    4. Idealism

    1. Thomas Hill Green

    2. Norman Angell

    3. Herbert Spencer

    4. John Start Mill

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: d

  39. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I (Rights) List-II (Directive Principles of State Policy)
    1. Right to adequate means of livelihood

    2. Right to work

    3. Right of workers to participate in management of industries

    4. Right of children to free and compulsory education 4. Article

    1. Article 39

    2. Article 41

    3. Article 43

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4

    Answer: a

  40. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. The Environment Protection Act 1.

    2. Protection of Human Right Act

    3. Prevention of Terrorism Act

    4. Protection of Civil Rights Act

    1. 93

    2. 1955

    3. 1986

    4. 2002

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4

    Answer: c

  41. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Declaration on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination 1.

    2. Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against women

    3. Declaration on the protection of All persons from Enforced Disappearance

    4. Declaration of the Rights of the child

    1. 92

    2. 1959

    3. 1967

    4. 1963

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1

    Answer: a

  42. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Amendment of Constitution

    2. Universal Adult Suffrage

    3. Ministerial responsibility

    4. Fundamental Duties

    1. Article-368

    2. Article-326

    3. Article-75

    4. Article-51A

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: c

  43. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. UN Charter 1.

    2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    3. Convention on the Rights of the Child

    4. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

    1. 48

    2. 1945

    3. 1966

    4. 1989

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3

    Answer: b

  44. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Petition of Rights 1.

    2. Magna Carta

    3. Ministers of the Crown Act

    4. Bill of Rights

    1. 15

    2. 1628

    3. 1689

    4. 1937

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: b

  45. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. International Court of Justice

    2. International Committee of the Red Cross

    3. Economic and Social Council (UN)

    4. European Court of Human Rights

    1. Geneva

    2. New York

    3. Strasbourg

    4. The Hague

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4

    Answer: a

  46. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. International convention on cvil and political rights 1.

    2. International convention on the rights of the child 2.

    3. Prevention of Terrorism Act

    4. Geneva Conventions Act

    1. 89

    2. 02

    3. 1960

    4. 1966

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4

    Answer: c

  47. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I (Theories of Democracy) List-II (Champions)
    1. Classical Theory

    2. Neo Liberal Theory

    3. Elite Theory

    4. Pluralist Theory

    1. Giovanni Sartori

    2. Abraham Lincoln

    3. Robert A. Dahl

    4. C Wright Mills

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: a

  48. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I (Authors) List-II (Books)
    1. JS Mill

    2. TH Green

    3. HJ Laski

    4. John Rawls

    1. Principles of Political Obligation

    2. Theory of Justice

    3. Grammar of Politics

    4. On Liberty

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4

    Answer: a

  49. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I (Socialism) List-II (Propounder)
    1. Utopian socialism

    2. Fabian Socialism

    3. Scientific socialism

    4. Guild socialism

    1. Karl Marx

    2. G. D. H. Cole

    3. Sydny Webb

    4. Saint Simon

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2

    Answer: b

  50. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Sanitation, fire fighting, public safety

    2. Art galleries, museums, public parks, zoos

    3. Roads and bridges public utility services

    4. Education, Hospitals, Libraries

    1. Cultural services

    2. Welfare services

    3. Physical services

    4. Protective services

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1

    Answer: b

  51. Arrange the following preventive detention laws in order of their adoption by the parliament:

    1. TADA

    2. COFEPOSA

    3. MISA

    4. POTA

    Codes:

    1. 2 1 4 3

    2. 3 2 1 4

    3. 3 1 2 4

    4. 4 3 1 2

    Answer: b

  52. Arrange in chronological order the occurrence of the following events in the more towards protection and promotion of Child Rights

    1. Adoption of optional protocol on the involvement of children in Armed conflict.

    2. World Summit for children

    3. Establishment of Commission for protection of Child Rights

    4. UN convention on Rights of the child.

    Codes:

    1. 4 3 2 1

    2. 3 1 4 2

    3. 4 2 1 3

    4. 1 2 3 4

    Answer: c

  53. Arrange in proper sequence the following fundamental rights as given under various provisions of the constitution of India:

    1. Right to Life

    2. Right to Equality

    3. Right to Constitutional Remedies

    4. Right to Freedom

    Codes:

    1. 1 2 3 4

    2. 2 4 1 3

    3. 4 3 2 1

    4. 3 1 4 2

    Answer: b

  54. Arrange the following thinkers in order of their era:

    1. John Locke

    2. Aristotle

    3. Karl Marx

    4. Francis Fukuyama

    Codes:

    1. 4 1 2 3

    2. 3 2 4 1

    3. 2 1 3 4

    4. 1 2 3 4

    Answer: c

  55. Arrange in sequence the adoption of the following declarations:

    1. United Nations Declaration on the Right to Development.

    2. United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    3. United Nations Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace

    4. United Nations Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for victims of crime and abuse of power

    Codes:

    1. 1 2 3 4

    2. 4 3 2 1

    3. 3 1 4 2

    4. 2 3 4 1

    Answer: d

  56. Arrange the following in chronological order:

    1. Five Fables about Human Rights

    2. Fourteen points of Woodrow Wilson

    3. The four freedoms of F. D. Roosevelt

    4. Panchsheel

    Codes:

    1. 2 3 4 1

    2. 3 2 1 4

    3. 4 1 2 3

    4. 1 2 3 4

    Answer: a

  57. Arrange in sequence the passage of the following enactments by the Indian Parliament:

    1. Right to Information Act

    2. Right to Education Act

    3. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

    4. Prevention of Corruption Act

    Codes:

    1. 4 1 3 2

    2. 1 2 3 4

    3. 2 3 4 1

    4. 3 4 1 2

    Answer: a

  58. Arrange in Chronological order the various reforms passed by the British Parliament for India

    1. Government of India Act, 1935

    2. Morley-Minto Reforms

    3. Regulating Act

    4. Montague-Chelmsford Reforms

    Codes:

    1. 1 2 3 4

    2. 3 2 4 1

    3. 4 3 2 1

    4. 2 1 4 3

    Answer: b

  59. Arrange the following classics on Human Rights in chronological order of their publications:

    1. The Declaration of the Rights of Women

    2. The Rights of Man

    3. On Laws of War and Peace

    4. The National Question and Autonomy

    Codes:

    1. 4 3 2 1

    2. 3 1 2 4

    3. 2 4 1 3

    4. 1 2 3 4

    Answer: b

  60. Arrange the following movements in chronological order:

    1. Civil Disobedience Movement

    2. Bhoodan Movement

    3. Khilafat Movement

    4. Quit India Movement

    Codes:

    1. 3 1 4 2

    2. 1 2 3 4

    3. 4 3 2 1

    4. 2 4 1 3

    Answer: a

Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow based on your understanding of the passage (Question Nos. 71 to 75)

The Indian scholar Vandana Shiva applies a socialist approach to women's rights in the Third World, condemning the ill effects of a neoliberal approach to economic development on both women and the environment in the Third World. In Staying Alive: Development, Ecology and Women (1989), she maintains that development projects represent the continuation of the process of colonialization. Rejecting the premise – embraced by architects of the United Nations Decade for Women – that women's economic status would improve thanks to expanding development Shiva argues that the Western understanding of progress was at the root of women's increasing underdevelopment. She details how development projects have displaced women, in particular, from their sources of economic subsistence. Deploring the way in which women's close association with nature is seen as passive and unproductive, she calls for the recovery of the feminine principle to challenge the legitimacy of patriarchal capital accumulation and its destructive ecological effects.

From a different perspective, the American pragmatist philosopher Richard Rorty considers in “Human Rights, Rationality and Sentimentality” (1993), Western rationalist and foundationalist positions of universal rights (as defended by Plato, Kant and others) as outmoded. Those views, in Rorty's opinion are, despite their theoretical and universalist claims, de facto exclusive; for only rational individuals are considered human beings. According to this perspective, Rorty claims, Muslims and women may be easily excluded from the rationalist equation of rights. He thus encourages those who oppose oppression to concentrate their energies on manipulating sentiments. For our best hope is one sentimental education, rather than on the command of reason. This would favour the possibility of “powerful people gradually ceasing to oppress others, or ceasing to countenance the oppression of others, out of mere niceness, rather than out of obedience to the moral law.”

Unlike Rorty, the American scholars Rhoda E. Howard and Jack Donnelly advocate, in “Liberalism and Human Rights: A Necessary Connection” (1996), a universal liberal and “egalitarian” position on rights. They maintain that internationally recognized liberal human rights, as laid out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rghts and the International Human Rights Covenants, are the only legitimate human rights standards. They defend a liberal view of Individual rights, against both the libertarian strand of liberalism, and conservative “communitarian” rights, by arguing, for example, that individuals'rights to property are constrained by individuals rights to social justice. “When the full range of internationally recognized human rights is protected,” they write, “when individuals are treated with equal concern, communities can and do thrive.”

  1. According to Vandana Shiva by expanding development

    1. Women's economic status would improve

    2. women's economic status will remain same

    3. women's economic status will deteriorate

    4. none of the above

    Answer: c

  2. Patriarchal capital accumulation vision needs to be challenged by

    1. strengthening of Human Rights Discourse.

    2. recovery of the feminine principle.

    3. expanding development.

    4. improving economic status of women.

    Answer: b

  3. Richard Rorty is of the view that

    1. human rights are universal.

    2. western rationalist position on human rights is relevant.

    3. present Human Rights system favours only rational individuals.

    4. women dont remain excluded from availability of rights.

    Answer: c

  4. The best way to reduce oppression is

    1. strict enforcement of laws.

    2. better implementation of human rights.

    3. strengthening of the moral law.

    4. sensitisation.

    Answer: d

  5. For the development of communities the better way is

    1. by protection of individual rights.

    2. by restricting right to property.

    3. by respecting communitarian rights.

    4. by rejecting liberal vision of Human Rights.

    Answer: a