CBSE NET Library-Science December-2013 Solved Paper III

  1. A Boolean query using only AND and NOT is

    1. Fuzzy query

    2. Conjunctive query

    3. Routing query

    4. Probabilistic query

    Answer: b

  2. In which year Janet (U. K.) was established?

    1. 1957

    2. 1983

    3. 1987

    4. 1989

    Answer: b

  3. Who developed Repertory Grid Technique for assessing how the users view the world from their own perspective?

    1. A. Delphi

    2. Calvin Mooer

    3. J. Belkn

    4. George Kelley

    Answer: d

  4. A chart in which some figures are broken down into its constituent parts is

    1. Bar chart

    2. Column chart

    3. Pie chart

    4. Band chart

    Answer: c

  5. OAISTER is an example of digital libraries architecture based on

    1. CORBA

    2. Software Agents Architecture

    3. Federated Database System

    4. Metadata Harvesting

    Answer: d

  6. RSS feed is a tool of

    1. Web 2.0

    2. Web 1.0

    3. Web 3.0

    4. Graphic Design

    Answer: a

  7. The use of more words or symbols than are necessary to convey a meaning results in

    1. Efficiency

    2. Accuracy

    3. Redundancy

    4. Precision

    Answer: c

  8. A rubber stamp impressed on the verso of title page giving information concerning the records and processing of each individual book acquired is called

    1. Book stamp

    2. Process stamp

    3. Date stamp

    4. Accession stamp

    Answer: d

  9. Ontology is

    1. A Documentation service

    2. An Indexing method

    3. Classification of Internet based documents

    4. Cataloguing of Internet based documents

    Answer: c

  10. In colon classification, which mnemonic is displayed in the use of digit ‘4’ as for pathology, disease, transport, hybrid etc.

    1. Seminal

    2. Systematic

    3. Scheduled

    4. Alphabetical

    Answer: a

  11. Name the similarity measure in which similarity of a document is adjusted such that the similarity of a document to itself is 1.

    1. Cosine measure

    2. Distance measure

    3. Swet's measure

    4. Normalised similarity measure

    Answer: d

  12. Which law states that “An information retrieval system will tend not to be used whenever it is more painful and troublesome for a customer to have information than for him not to have it”

    1. Bradford's Law

    2. Mooer's Law

    3. Ziff's Law

    4. Lotka's Law

    Answer: b

  13. Who is the compiler of Web-Bibliography of Rabindranath Tagore?

    1. Bengal Library Association

    2. RRRLF

    3. National Library of India

    4. IASLIC

    Answer: b

  14. Who are the publishers of ‘Year Book on Human Rights’

    1. United Nations

    2. Ministry of Law, Govt. Of India

    3. Europa Publishers

    4. R. R. Bowker

    Answer: a

  15. ASTINFO stands for

    1. Asian Scientific and Technological Information Network

    2. Association of Scientific and Technological Information Scientists in Asia

    3. International Network for Exchange of Science and Technology Information

    4. Regional Network for the Exchange of Information and Experience in Science and Technology in Asia and the Pacific

    Answer: d

  16. IFLA's programme for capacity building of library associations is named as

    1. BSLA

    2. ALP

    3. CLM

    4. PAC

    Answer: a

  17. The measure of certainty or predictability is called as

    1. Entropy

    2. Feedback

    3. Redundancy

    4. Distortion

    Answer: c

  18. A characteristic in which information tends to leak and the more it leaks, the more we have, is

    1. Synergetic characteristics

    2. Diffusive characteristics

    3. Compressible characteristics

    4. Shareable characteristics

    Answer: b

  19. Which of the following organizations are associated with the concept of 1000 crore plan to link 9000 libraries in India?

    1. National Library of India

    2. National Mission on Libraries

    3. INFLIBNET

    4. RRRLF

    Codes:

    1. 2 and 3 are correct.

    2. 3 and 4 are correct.

    3. 1 and 4 are correct.

    4. 2 and 4 are correct.

    Answer: d

  20. Which of the following are the core content of ISI web of knowledge?

    1. Current Contents

    2. ISI proceedings

    3. Derwent Information Index

    4. AGRICOLA

    Codes:

    1. 1, 4 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

    Answer: b

  21. Which of the following are value added information services?

    1. Aggregator Service

    2. Referral Service

    3. Document Delivery Service

    4. Research Reports/Market Survey Reports

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 2 and 4 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 4 are correct

    Answer: d

  22. Identify the methods used for plagiarism detection:

    1. Term occurrence analysis

    2. API Testing

    3. Citation-based plagiarism detection

    4. Local similarity assessment

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 4 are correct.

    2. 1, 3 and 4 are correct.

    3. 2, 3 and 4 are correct.

    4. 1, 2 and 3 are correct.

    Answer: b

  23. Which of the following are the main role operators of PRECIS?

    1. Key System

    2. Action

    3. Performer of action

    4. Form of Document

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 1 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 1

    Answer: a

  24. Which of the following are the advantages of RFID technology in libraries?

    1. Tags can be read inside a case.

    2. Hundred of tags can be read at a time.

    3. Cheaper than Barcode

    4. More security and Privacy

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 3 and 4 are correct

    Answer: b

  25. Which of the following are not Change Management Models?

    1. Kurtlewin's Model

    2. Beer's Model

    3. Lasswell's Model

    4. Epidemic Model

    Codes:

    1. 1 & 3 are correct.

    2. 2 & 3 are correct.

    3. 3 & 4 are correct.

    4. 2 & 4 are correct.

    Answer: c

  26. Which of the following are the International Cooperative Serials Control Program?

    1. CONSER

    2. BIBCO

    3. SERLINE

    4. CATLINE

    Codes:

    1. 1 & 2 are correct.

    2. 2 & 3 are correct.

    3. 1 & 3 are correct.

    4. 2 & 4 are correct.

    Answer: c

  27. Which of the following are called ‘path finders’ to the literature?

    1. Bibliography

    2. Catalogue

    3. Shelf List

    4. Indices and Abstracts

    Codes:

    1. 1 & 2 are correct

    2. 1, 2 & 4 are correct

    3. 1 & 4 are correct

    4. 2 & 3 are correct

    Answer: c

  28. Which of the following facilitate informal communication on the web?

    1. Split Screens

    2. Chat

    3. Wikis

    4. RSS feeds

    Codes:

    1. 1 & 3 are correct

    2. 2 & 3 are correct

    3. 3 & 4 are correct

    4. 1 & 2 are correct

    Answer: d

  29. Which of the following associations have sponsored the Text Encoding Initiatives (TEI)?

    1. ACL

    2. ACRL

    3. ALLC

    4. ACH

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    3. 1, 4 and 2 are correct

    4. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

    Answer: d

  30. Which of the following are limitations of digital libraries?

    1. Full text searching

    2. Operational costs

    3. Rights management

    4. Hyper text linking

    Codes:

    1. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    2. 2 and 3 are correct

    3. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 1 and 4 are correct

    Answer: b

  31. The sources of hypothesis, as enunciated by P. V. Young are

    1. Genealogy

    2. Culture

    3. Experiment

    4. Analogy

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

    3. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    Answer: c

  32. “Women are more in library profession than men.” Identify the variable in the statement.

    1. Men and women are independent variables.

    2. Men and women are dependent variables.

    3. Library profession is a dependent variable.

    4. Library profession is an independent variable.

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 4 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 2 and 4 are correct

    Answer: a

  33. Systematic sampling is

    1. A type of probability sampling.

    2. A type of non-probability sampling.

    3. In which first unit is selected randomly.

    4. Selected on the basis of specified characteristics.

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 4 are correct

    3. 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 2 and 4 are correct

    Answer: a

  34. Who are associated with the digitization of the collection of Rabindra Bhavan, Vishav Bharati?

    1. RRRLF

    2. C-DAC

    3. NIC

    4. National Library of India

    Codes:

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 3 and 4 are correct

    Answer: a

  35. Which of the following are the Pillars of SCONUL Seven Pillar Model?

    1. Recognising Information need

    2. Locating and accessing information

    3. Using information technology for assessing information need.

    4. Comparing and evaluating information.

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

    3. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 1 and 4 are correct

    Answer: b

  36. Resource Description Framework consists which of the following?

    1. Subject

    2. Thread

    3. Predicate

    4. Object

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 3, 4 and 1

    4. 4, 1 and 2

    Answer: b

  37. Arrange the following factors of TQM in the order of their implementation:

    1. Development of Human Resource Management

    2. Standardisation of Work process

    3. Improvement in Internal Organisation Management

    4. Quality Management Procedures

    Codes:

    1. 2 4 1 3

    2. 3 4 2 1

    3. 4 3 2 1

    4. 2 4 3 1

    Answer: d

  38. Arrange the following according to their year of emergence:

    1. ADINET

    2. SIRNET

    3. MANLIBNET

    4. DELNET

    Codes:

    1. 1 4 2 3

    2. 4 2 3 1

    3. 4 3 2 1

    4. 3 1 4 2

    Answer: b

  39. Arrange the following according to their year of origin:

    1. Indian National Bibliography

    2. British National Bibliography

    3. Cumulative Book Index

    4. Books in Print

    Codes:

    1. 1 2 4 3

    2. 3 4 2 1

    3. 2 3 4 1

    4. 4 1 2 3

    Answer: b

  40. Arrange the following according to their levels:

    1. Canons of Cataloguing

    2. Laws of Library Science

    3. General Normative Principles

    4. Principles of Cataloguing

    Codes:

    1. 2 4 1 3

    2. 1 3 2 4

    3. 4 1 3 2

    4. 3 2 1 4

    Answer: d

  41. Arrange the following according to their year of emergence:

    1. LISA

    2. Dissertation Abstracts International

    3. Indian Science Abstracts

    4. Indian Library & Information Science Abstracts

    Codes:

    1. 3 4 2 1

    2. 4 3 1 2

    3. 2 1 3 4

    4. 1 2 3 4

    Answer: c

  42. Arrange the following accordng to their year of emergence:

    1. INIS

    2. AGRIS

    3. NATIS

    4. UNISIST

    Codes:

    1. 3 4 2 1

    2. 4 1 3 2

    3. 2 4 1 3

    4. 1 3 4 2

    Answer: b

  43. Arrange in sequence the following Model Public Library Acts/Bills in India:

    1. Model Public Library Bill by M. D. Sen Committee

    2. Model Public Library Act by S. R. Ranganathan

    3. Model Public Library Act of ILA

    4. Model Public Library Bill by working group of Planning Commission

    Codes:

    1. 1 2 3 4

    2. 2 1 4 3

    3. 3 4 1 2

    4. 4 3 2 1

    Answer: b

  44. Arrange in sequence the medium used for ‘Virtual Reference’ in the order of their progress.

    1. Web form

    2. Ask a Service

    3. E-mail

    4. Social Networking

    Codes:

    1. 1 2 3 4

    2. 2 3 4 1

    3. 3 1 2 4

    4. 4 2 1 3

    Answer: c

  45. Arrange in order the process of stock rectification and stock verification as suggested by S. R. Ranganathan:

    1. Checking with charged tray

    2. Shelf Rectification

    3. Shelf checking

    4. Deciding the Quota

    Codes:

    1. 3 1 4 2

    2. 4 1 2 3

    3. 4 2 3 1

    4. 2 4 1 3

    Answer: b

  46. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Outdated Information

    2. Condensed Information

    3. Message

    4. Vintage model

    1. Information Diffusion

    2. Obsolete Information

    3. Compressible Information

    4. Understanding

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1

    Answer: d

  47. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Technique for identifying the theme of a document

    2. Prussian Instruction

    3. ISO-9960

    4. Baud

    1. Cataloguing

    2. Standard for encoding data on CD-ROM

    3. Data Transmission Speed

    4. Bibliographic coupling

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4

    Answer: a

  48. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Maurice

    2. David Baker

    3. Peter Brophy

    4. KD Metcalf

    1. Resource Management Academic Libraries

    2. Planning Academic and Research Library Buildings

    3. Academic Library Management

    4. The Academic Libraries

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4

    Answer: a

  49. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Digital Library 1. Collections are stored

    2. Hybrid Library

    3. Virtual Library

    4. Electronic Library

    1. electronic media formats and accessible via computers

    2. Access to electronic information in a variety of remote locations through a local online catalogue or other gateway

    3. Provides services in a mixed mode electronic and paper environment

    4. Collection of electronic resources that provides direct/indirect access to a systematically organised collection of digital objects

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3

    Answer: a

  50. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Survey of requirements

    2. Determining cost efficiency and effectiveness

    3. Review of the programs and their goals

    4. Complete change over basics of system

    1. Design phase

    2. Installation phase

    3. Analysis phase

    4. Evaluation phase

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: c

  51. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Nadir to Ascending

    2. Ascending to Zenith

    3. Zenith to Descending

    4. Descending to Nadir

    1. Hypothesizing

    2. Verification

    3. Deductive

    4. Empirical

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2

    Answer: d

  52. Match the following characteristics of DBMS with respective activity:

    List-I List-II
    1. Reduction of redundancy

    2. Data sharing

    3. Data integrity

    4. Data security

    1. Encryption

    2. Centralized control

    3. No. Of application programs

    4. Accurate and consistent data

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3

    Answer: a

  53. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. XML

    2. METS

    3. UNICODE

    4. Cryptography

    1. Joe Becker

    2. Defence Organizations

    3. W3C

    4. Library of Congress

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: b

  54. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Social Microscope

    2. Fundamental Research

    3. Ex-post facto research

    4. Multi stage random sampling

    1. Cluster Technique

    2. No control over variance

    3. Case study method

    4. Knowledge for knowledge sake

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4

    Answer: b

  55. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Estimation of future expenditure on the basis of previous year expenditure

    2. Rs. 15 per student and Rs. 200/-per teacher

    3. 6.5%-10% of university budget for the development of library

    4. Activities to be accomplished by the library

    1. Programme

    2. Comparison

    3. Per capita

    4. Proportional

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: a

  56. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Identification of user categories

    2. Prioriting user groups and services

    3. Information seeking behaviour of users

    4. Product, price, place, promotion

    1. Market positioning

    2. Segmentation\

    3. Marketing Mix

    4. Consumer analysis

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: b

  57. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. FRBR

    2. POPSI

    3. UDC

    4. www

    1. Paul Otlet

    2. IFLA

    3. G Bhattacharya

    4. Tem Berners-Lee

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1

    Answer: b

  58. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Index Translationum

    2. Translation Register Index (TR-I)

    3. World Trans Index

    4. Common-wealth Index of Unpublished Transtations

    1. NISCAIR

    2. NTC, Chicago

    3. UNESCO

    4. ITC, Delft, Netherlands

    5. ASLIB

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 5
      • 5
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3

    Answer: b

  59. Match the following evaluation criteria of print materials:

    List-I List-II
    1. Authority

    2. Scope

    3. Format

    4. Arrangement

    1. Typography

    2. Stated purpose

    3. Publisher's reputation

    4. Cross references

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1

    Answer: c

  60. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Measure of similarity between two documents

    2. Similarity measure based on overlap in terms between two documents

    3. Document similarity based solely on the occurrence of words

    4. Similarity measure which is based on the city block distance between two documents

    1. Proportion of coefficient association

    2. Rectangular distance coefficient

    3. Coefficient of association

    4. Lexical similarity

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1

    Answer: c

  61. Match the following authors with their statements on information characteristics:

    List-I List-II
    1. Peter Drucker

    2. Borlando Cleveland

    3. KJ McGarry

    4. Williams

    1. Human and shareable

    2. Quantity, Quality, Life

    3. Natural and man-made physical resources

    4. Resources by analogy with classic resources of labour

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3

    Answer: a

  62. Match the following:

    List-I List-II
    1. Saraswati Mahal Library, Tanjavur (1535)

    2. Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library, Patna (1876)

    3. Library of Asiatic Society of Bengal (1784)

    4. Imperial Library, Calcutta (1901)

    1. Lord Curzon

    2. Telugu Nayakas

    3. Maulana M. B. Khan

    4. Sir G. William Jones

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): With the introduction of Internet, need for reference librarians has been minimised to fulfil the users reference needs.
    • Reason (R): FAQ facility on internet is substituting the need for human interface in libraries.
    1. Both A and R are partially true.

    2. Both A and R are true.

    3. Both A and R are false.

    4. A is true but R is false.

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Approaches to Research is not dependent on Epistemologies.
    • Reason (R): Scientific research relies on the application of the scientific method.
    1. Both A and R are true.

    2. Both A and R are false.

    3. A is true and R is false.

    4. R is true and A is false.

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): According to the Third Law of Librarianship given by Michael Gorman, we need to use technology intelligently to enhance service.
    • Reason (R): Technology is used to solve problems and improve services and achieve costeffectiveness rather than adopted for its own sake.
    1. A is true, but R is false.

    2. Both A and R are true, but R is not correct explanation of (A).

    3. Both A and R are false.

    4. Both A and R are true.

    Answer: d

    • Assertion (A): All reference sources provide uptodate information in their respective categories.
    • Reason (R): As these are compiled from primary sources of information.
    1. Both A and R are true.

    2. Both A and R are false.

    3. A is false but R is partially true.

    4. A is true but R is false.

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): The hierarchy based classification schemes have a major role in the organization of the web.
    • Reason (R): The ‘hotlists’ retrieved by robots based search engines use the technique of relevance of subject descriptors.
    1. A is true, but R is false.

    2. A is false, but R is true.

    3. Both A and R are correct.

    4. Both A and R are wrong.

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Performance Based Budgeting demands that the objectives and goals of agency be clear and performance measures and target to put in place.
    • Reason (R): The key to success firmly rely upon its clear sense of mssion and objectives which the funding agencies have proposed to reach them.
    1. A is true, but R is false.

    2. A is false, but R is true.

    3. Both A and R are true.

    4. Both A and R are false.

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): Majority of University Libraries in India are not fully automated.
    • Reason (R): University Libraries in India are meddling with automation of circulation activities.
    1. A is true but R is false.

    2. A is false but R is true.

    3. Both A and R are true.

    4. Both A and R are false.

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): Mean, median and mode are the simple techniques to get exact averages for data analysis in research.
    • Reason (R): These are the well accepted statistical techniques of research for data analysis of historical data.
    1. A is false, but R is true.

    2. Both A and R are true.

    3. A is true but R is false.

    4. Both A and R are false.

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): Online Reference Service can be offered using IMs, SMs, VoIP, Video, Blogs, Websites and host of such other mechanisms.
    • Reason (R): Majority of academic libraries in India are equipped with required infrastructure.
    1. Both A and R are true.

    2. A is true, R is false.

    3. A is false, R is true.

    4. Both A and R are false.

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Semantic web is an extension of www in which web contents cannot be expressed in natural language.
    • Reason (R): Semantic web can be easily associated with spider web.
    1. Both A and R are false.

    2. A is true, but R is false.

    3. Both A and R are true.

    4. A is false, but R is true.

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): BIOS is a set of programs that handles startup operations in a computer such as power on, self tested and low level control for hardware.
    • Reason (R): The graphical display at the begnning of the program prolongs the life of monitor.
    1. Both A and R are true.

    2. A is false, but R is true.

    3. Both A and R are false.

    4. A is true, but R is false.

    Answer: d

    • Assertion (A): For providing an effective reference service, best & up to date reference collection is not as important as is the competent reference librarian.
    • Reason (R): An efficient reference librarian can serve the users more effectively even in the absence of best reference collection.
    1. A is true but R is false.

    2. Both A and R are true.

    3. A is false but R is true.

    4. Both A and R are false.

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): India's contribution to LIS literatures is decreasing.
    • Reason (R): Authors find it more convenient to get their articles published in openaccess journals.
    1. Both A and R are true.

    2. A is false, but R is true.

    3. Both A and R are false.

    4. A is true but R is false.

    Answer: b