CBSE (UGC) NET Paper 1 Communication and Technology: Hindrances to Communication

Hindrances to Communication

The hindrances in a communication process also takes place if the sender and receiver are not on the same “wavelength” It is consider when we talk about human communication as it is in radio transmission. In the terms of ‘jargon’ of communication, all hindrances whatever their nature are combined in a general label known as ‘noise’ it not only consists atmospheric or channel disturbance, but also cover all those hindrances that somehow degrade the essense of a communication process.

  • Physical hindrances: There are majorily four core types of hindrances which are called as ‘physical hindrances’ in the communication process. These are stated below:
  • The Competing Stimulus in the type of another conversation going on within hearing distance or loud music or traffic noise in the background.
  • Environmental Stress: It consists high temperature and humidity, poor ventilation, vibrations felt, a strong glare, there all have the capacity to create distortions while sending and receiving messages or information.
  • Subjective Stress: It consists Sleeplessness, ill health, the effects of drugs and mood fluctuations may give birth to around subjective 35 stress that in turn cause major difficulties in listening and interpretation.
  • Ignorance of the Medium: The various different media used for the communication are: Oral, written, audio, visual and audio-visual. The use of a medium with which the receiver is not aware, In such case the medium become a hindrance.
  • Psychological hindrances: Every person has certain ‘frame of reference’ it acts as a window with the help of which we look out at the world, at people and events and situations. A frame of reference is a systeM'which deals with standards and values, generally implicit, underlying and to some extent controlling aI! action, or the expression of arty belief, attitude or idea. No two individuals possess exactly similar frames of reference, even if they are identical twins. Upto a great extent our experiences, specially our childhood experiences and the cultural environment in which we have grown up, all have certain impacts on our frames of reference.
  • Linguistics and Cultural hindrances: With the help of language we express our thoughts and experiences to other people in terms of their cultural environment. When the same language is made use of in a different culture, it takes an another colour, another meaning. Mechanical hindrances: Mechanical hindrances are those raised by the channels employed for interpersonal, group or mass communication. Channels become hindrance when the message is interfered with by some disturbance, which accelerates difficulty in reception or prevented some elements of the message reaching its destination or both.
  • In case of lack of such communication facilities would cause mechanical hindrance. Such type of hindrance consists any disturbance, which interferes with the fidelity of the physical transmission of the written, intentional-unintentional and so on. One of the most general typology relates 0 the size of the social group or the number of people who shares the experience of communication. Such a typology ranges from the intrapersonal. Interpersonal and transpersonal to the group.