CBSE (UGC) NET Paper 1 Higher Education: Higher Education System In India
Higher Education System In India
Pertaining to the ‘Higher Education System’ India is one of the most renounced country in the world. Major players in the higher education system in the country are as follows: University Grants Commission (UGC), which takes care of the co-ordination, determination and maintenance of standards, release of grants. Professional Councils are accountable for recognition of courses, promotion of professional institutions and providing grants to undergraduate programmes and different awards. The statutory professional councils are: All Inclia Council for Technical Education (AIeTE), Distance Education Council (DEC), Indian Council for Agriculture Research (lCAR), Bar Council of odis (BCI), National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) Rehabilitation Council of India (ReI), Medical Council of India (MCr), Pharmacy Council of India (PCI), Indian Nursing Council (INC), Dentist Council of India (DCl), Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH), Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) Central Government is accountable for the core policies related to the higher education in the country. It give grants towards the use and establishment of central universities in the country. The Central Government is also accountable for the declaration of Educational Institutions as ‘Deemed to be University’ on the recommendation of the UGC.
Currently, There are around sixteen Central Universities in the country.
In case of the Mizoram Accord, another Central University in the State of Mizoram is planned. There are around 37 Institutions which have been declared as Deemed to be Universities by the Government of India as per Section of the UGC Act, 1956. State Governments are accountable for establishment of State Universities and colleges and provide plan grants for their deveIopment and non-plan grants for their maintenance. The co-ordination and co-operation between the Union and the States is brought about in the area of education through the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE).
Special Constitutional responsibility of the Central Government: Education is on the ‘Concurrent list’ subject to Entry 66 in the Union List of the Constitution. This gives ultimate Legislative Power to the Central Government for the co-ordination and mentioning the standards in Institutions of higher education or research, scientific and technical institutions.