UGC Geography June 2014 Paper 3 Solved with Explanations: Part 3 of 7 [ CBSE NET-JRF Updates ]

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In this section we will provide the detailed answers and explanations for the UGC Geography Paper 3 for June 2014 - Part 3 of 7. For detailed explanations visit the Examrace channel at Youtube. Examrace under UGC Flexiprep program also provides online classes, postal courses and ebooks. The postal courses are available at the following link.

21. Consider the following statements:

(1) Ozone is found mostly in the stratosphere.

(2) Ozone layer lie 5575 kms above the surface of the earth

(3) Ozone absorbs ultraviolet rays from the Sun.

(4) Ozone layer has no significance for life on the earth.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) 1 and 3 (B) 2 and 4

(C) 2 and 3 (D) 1 and 4

Answer: A

In stratosphere layer, the temperature increases with height due to the absorption of ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer, which lies in the upper stratosphere at about 15-30 km.

22. Given below are two statements one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Codes:

Reason (R): Equatorial region is characterized by heavy rainfall, cloudiness and humidity.

Assertion (A): Oceanic salinity is low in equatorial regions.

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).

(B, Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(D) (R) is true but (A) is false.

Assertion is correct and reason is correct explanation for the assertion. Salinity is low where precipitation is greater than evaporation, mainly in coastal or equatorial regions.

23. The statement – “Systematic geography must move into theoretical spheres and regional geography into search for generic and not unique studies” was made by

a) Richard Hartshone

b) Issiah Bowman

c) William Bunge

d) Peter Haggett

Answer: C

“Systematic geography must move into theoretical spheres and regional geography into search for generic and not unique studies” was made by William Bunge.

24. In the development of quantitative revolution, a new filed of studies called “Social physics: stated dimensions of society are analogous to physical dimensions and include numbers of people, distance and time” was introduced by

(A) J. Q. Stewart

(B) Edward Ullman

(C) W. L. Garrison

(D) William Warntz

Answer: A

J Q Stewart from Princeton University gave the concept of Social physics: stated dimensions of society are analogous to physical dimensions and include numbers of people, distance and time. He distinguished social physic and sociology explaining sociology as subjective description which is avoided in social physics.

25. Given below are two statements one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : The major Thrust of Quantitative Revolution is to bring law making, model building and theorization in Geography.

Reason (R): After the Second World War, young geographers discarded the empirical, descriptive and gazetteer type of Geography by using the mathematical language rather than the language of literature.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).

(B, Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(D) (R) is true but (A) is false.

Assertion is correct and reason is correct explanation for the assertion. Quantitative revolution aims at law making, model building and theorization in Geography. This as strengthened post Second World War as main focus became mathematical language.

26. Match List-I with List-Il and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

List - I

i. T. Haggerstrand

ii. William Bunge

iii. Gilbert White

iv. Walter Isard

List-II

a. Theoretical Geography

b. Geographic Dissemination of Innovations

c. Methods of Regional Analysis

d. Human Reponses to Floods

Theoretical Geography was written by William Bunge. Methods of Regional Analysis is written by Walter Isard. Geographic Dissemination of Innovations is written by Haggerstrand. Human Reponses to Floods is written by Gilbert White.

27. Match List-I and List-II

List 1

1. Otto Schluter

2. Von Richtofen

3. Oscar Peschel

4. Friedrich Ratzel

List II

a) Political geography

b) Das Ausland

c) Major work on China

d) Visible content of landscape

Otto Schluter explained the concept of visible content of landscape. Friedrich Ratzel focused on political geography. Ferdinand von Richthofen is best known in the countries other than his fatherland as the explorer of China. Peschel edited the journal Das Ausland.

28. Which one of the following statements is not true about Humanism in Geography.

(A) Humanism does not treat humans a machines

(B) Humanistic geography gives importance to human awareness, human consciousness and human creativity

(C) Humanists accept the reduction of space and place to geometrical concepts of surface

(D) Humanism developed as criticism against positivism and quantitative revolution.

Answer: C

Early positivist science or spatial science was based on statistical values, where human subjects react to their environment more or less in the same way using reason. Humanism does not treat humans a machines and it gives importance to human awareness, human consciousness and human creativity. Humanism developed as criticism against positivism and quantitative revolution.

29. Match List 1 with List 2

List 1 (Philosophical approaches)

a) Idealistic

b) Phenomenological

c) Radical

d) Welfare

List 2 (Advocates)

1. Relph

2. Harris and Guelke

3. Smith

4. Bunge

The phenomenology approach was introduced by Relph (1970) and followed by Yi-Fu Tuan. The idealist philosophy of Harris and Guelke (1981) states that mental activity can’t be controlled and that all knowledge is ultimately based on the individual’s experience of the world. Welfare approach in geography is given by Smith and Radical approach in geography by Bunge.

30. Who among the following is a strong supporter of Ritter’s teleological views?

(A) Guyot

(B) Peschel

(C) Gerland

(D) Ratzel

Answer: A

Guyot was a faithful student of Ritter and was the strong supporter of Ritter’s teleological views.

- Published on: July 16, 2014