UGC Geography June 2014 Paper 3 Solved with Explanations: Part 4 of 7 [ CBSE NET-JRF Updates ]

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In this section we will provide the detailed answers and explanations for the UGC Geography Paper 3 for June 2014 - Part 4 of 7. For detailed explanations visit the Examrace channel at Youtube. Examrace under UGC Flexiprep program also provides online classes, postal courses and ebooks. The postal courses are available at the following link.

31. A process of population deconcentration away from large urban settlements to non-metropolitan areas is termed as:

(A) Urban dispersal

(B) Urban sprawl

(D) Sub-urbanization

(C) Counter Urbanization

Answer: C

Counterurbanization is a process of population deconcentration; it implies a movement from a state of more concentration to a state of less concentration.

32. In the acceleration stage of urbanization the urban population constitutes:

(A) More than 70% of the total population of the state

(B) 25% to 70%

(C) 10% to 25%

(D) Less than 10%

Answer: B

Initial Stage: Stage one is the initial stage characterized by rural traditional society with predominance in agriculture and dispersed pattern of settlements.

Acceleration Stage: Stage two refers to acceleration stage where basic restructuring of the economy and investments in social overhead capitals including transportation, communication take place. Proportion of urban population gradually increases from 25% to 40%, 50%, 60% and so on. Dependence on primary sector gradually dwindles.

Terminal Stage: Third stage is known as terminal stage where urban population exceeds 70% or more. At this stage level of urbanization remains more or less same or constant.

33. The concept of primate city was advocated by:

a) Jefferson

b) Zipf

c) Mumford

d) Sjoberg

Answer: A

Geographer Mark Jefferson developed the law of the primate city to explain the phenomenon of huge cities that capture such a large proportion of a country’s population as well as its economic activity. Primate city has more than double the population of next in order city.

34. Given below are two statements one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : Losch’s model is less restrictive than Christaller’s.

Reason (R): Losch treated each section as having separate range, threshold, hexagonal hinterland.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).

(B, Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(D) (R) is true but (A) is false.

Answer: A

Losch’s model is less restrictive than Christaller’s Model, rather than bunching all functions into 7 orders, he treated each as having separate range, threshold and hexagonal hinterland.

35. Which of the following condition is characterized by second stage of demographic transition?

(A) Low birth rate, High death rate

(B) High birth rate, High death rate

(C) High birth rate, declining death rate

(D) Low birth rate, Low death rate

Answer: C

Stage 1: Death rates and birth rates are high and balanced.

Stage 2: Death rates drop rapidly due to improvements in food supply and sanitation, which increases life spans and reduces diseases but maintains high birth rate.

Stage 3: Birth rates fall due to access to contraception, increases in wages, urbanization, an increase in the status and education of women, and other social changes. Population growth begins to level off.

Stage 4: Birth rates and death rates are both low. Birth rates may drop below replacement level causing shrinking population. Death rates may remain consistently low or increase slightly due to increases in lifestyle diseases due to low exercise levels and high obesity.

36. Match list 1 and list 2

List 1 (Books)

a) Nature of geography

b) The Urban question

c) Social justice and city

d) Locational analysis in human geography

List 2 (Author)

1) D Harvey

2) P Haggett

3) R Hartshorne

4) M Castells

M Castells wrote The Urban Question. Richard Hartshorne wrote Nature of Geography. Social justice and city is wrote by David Harvey. P Haggett wrote Locational Analysis in Human Geography.

37. ‘Chain migration’ is based on:

(A) Job opportunities

(B) Kinship

(C) Proximity to place of earlier Residence

(D) Combination of (A) and (C)

Chain migration is movement in which prospective migrants learn of opportunities, are provided with transportation and have initial accommodation and employment arranged by means of primary social relationships with previous migrants.

38. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?

a) EW Burgess – Concept of Metropolis

b) W J Reily – Law of retail gravitation

c) G K Zipf – Rank size rule

d) Patrick Geddes – Concept of conurbation

Answer: A

Burgess gave the concept of concentric zone model. Rest all the matches are correctly given.

39. Consider and statements and select the correct answers:

a) Most of the fishing grounds occur in areas where continental shelf is wide

b) Fishing activity is well developed in warm tropical waters

c) Mixing of warm and cold current brings plant nutrients for fish

d) Inland fisheries are most significant than any other fishery in India

Answer: D

1. a & b are correct

2. a and c

3. b, c and d

4. a, b and c

Codes:

In India, the most significant contribution of any industry is the coastal fishing and not inland fishing. Therefore, all statements, except this are correct.

40. Given below are two statements one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : There are regional disparities in spatial organization of economy.

Reason (R): Interactions among inherent factors in economic activities affect the texture of spatial organization.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).

(B, Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(D) (R) is true but (A) is false.

Assertion is correct and reason is correct explanation for assertion. Interactions among inherent factors in economic activities led to varied spatial organization and that affect regional development and leads to regional disparities.

- Published on: July 16, 2014