Competitive Exams: Current Affairs National 2008 (Part 2 of 3)
Violence in Srinagar (13th Sept 2008)
It was the second day of continued violence in Srinagar. The clash between security forces and agitators continued since the second day on Saturday in Maisuma area of the city. The situation got sparked off over the killing of two persons in police firing. It had all off a sudden when in a normal day the clashes broke out forcing the closing of shops and other establishments.
West Bengal decides of pull back from West Bengal (13th Sept 2008)
Satyam computer services, which is the fouth largest software exporter of India, has decided to pull out its operations from Kolkata. The company decided not go ahead with its proposed software development center at Salt lake's Sector V, Kolkata's IT hub. This was decided in the meeting last week. The disclosion has not been given formally to the Bengal government.
The reasons cited for pull back are, that the piece of proposed land for setup is low lying and prone to water logging particularly in monsoons.
TATA's nano car factory setup in Singur will be pulled out (4th Sept 2008)
TATA have decided that the factory which was setup in Singur in West Bengal will not operate. The infrastructure will be removed
Flood in Assam (2nd Sept 2008)
The flood has created havoc in Assam. One million people have been displaced and 15 people have died. 16 districts have been hit by the floods. Army soldiers were deployed for relief and rescue missions. It is reported that flood affected 1346 villages. Affecting a land area of about2.69 609 hectares. These data are from the first wave of floods that began on May 28.
The Singur dilemma and the TATA's dream project (28nd August 2008).
The TATA brought a dream and along with it a controversy. It's a debate over the industrialization over the farming land depicted with an anguished face of a hapless farmer.
The question is all about 400 acres of land. The Bengal government gave 400 acres of land to the TATA's at Singur in West Bengal for setting up their manufacturing unit of car ‘nano’ and that's when the hell broke loose. Mamta Banerjee the Saviour of farmers jumped into the fray to keep the TATA's at bay. Mamta Banerjee says that the land has been snatched away from the farmers and is leading agitation against this. A prominent activist Medha Patkar and Samajwadi Party general secretary Amar Singh, former congress leader Soumen Mitra, Krishijami Jiban Jibika Raksha Committee (Save Farmland Committee), convenor Purnendu Bose and other political and social activists have joined hands in the protest.
The Bengal government says that it cannot retreat on this issue as the land in question is segregated and not one whole piece, giving back of it is not feasible. Besides the uprooting of infrastructure too is very problematic but the TATA has nevertheless threatened to pull out if the tension continues.
As of now the work in the factory has been halted due to the security concerns.
PM allots 1000 crore for flood hit Bihar (28nd August 2008)
The Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has described the flood in Bihar as national calamity. Rs. 1000 crore have been allotted for the relief and remedial operation with immediate effect. The Prime Minister was accompanied by UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi in aerial survey of the four most effected districts of Bihar. The flood due to the breakage of Kosi river from its destined route continues to spell doom. Personnel of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Special Auxiliary Police (SAP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), state police and the army were engaged in the flood-hit areas to provide help. As per the statical records, more than 20 lakh people and their houses, towns 242 panchyats and 671 villages have been inundated due to the river flow through them.
Kosi River creates Havoc in Bihar (26nd August 2008)
In north Bihar the mighty Kosi River broke its embankment and began to flow on different route causing submerging of towns, many villages. Many people have lost homes and many have died. Near the Bhimnagar barrage, which is close to the Nepal border, it broke its bank and is directed towards the Ganga, over almost 100km south.
The great fear looms further as what is startling is that 3km wide breach is growing by 200 meters every day. Since the Bhimnagar barrage is just 12km away if the breach reaches barrage, huge inhabited areas of Supaul, Aharsa, Araria, Madhepura, Katihar and Purnea districts would be drowned causing catastrophe on ever bigger scale.
To solve this, repair work need to be done in Nepal. Upon the arrival of Indian team there, violent protest turned them back. It is seen that full fledged involvement of Center is needed to tackle this in understanding with Nepal government
The Amarnath crises remains in deadlock (22nd August 2008)
Amaranth is a cave in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is held significant on basis of Hindu mythology and more people go in large numbers annually in specific period there out of devotion. For the convenience of huge mass coming there and making the trip to the cave, the government of India and the state government of Jammu and Kashmir officially got the 100 acres of forest land transferred to Shri Amarnathji Shrine Board (SASB) which is a body involved in Amarnath issue.
The transferring of the land to the Shri Amarnathji Shrine Board (SASB) sparked off protest for reversal of the land allotment and the issue got into imbroglio. The government did revoke its order of land transfer under pressure and this in turn created backlash by the devotees against revoking. Timely the curfew were imposed and then lifted but the situation remained tense.
Many people have died in police firing and both the parties stick to their stance, one insisting on not allotting the forest land to the Shrine Board and another insisting upon the allotment of the forest land as before revoking.
In early August 2008, the members of the Amaranth Shrine Board resigned in demand for land allotment. Few of the devotees even went upto commiting suicide to instigate the masses. In the same month Army had been deployed since then to take control of the situation. In midst of the controversy, the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Ghulam Nabi Azad resigned.
In August 22 the Hurriyat began Idgah rally against the land allotment and the government is keen to bring down the matter to the negotiating table. As of now the situation remains in a deadlock.
Longest runway in Asia at IGI Airport (21st August 2008).
Indra Gandhi International airport will have a new runway which will be the longest one in Asia. The runway would be 4430 meters long and would have advanced runway lighting system. Facility of CAT-3B technology would be deployed for landing assistance in foggy conditions.
The new runway would capable to accommodate landing of very big planes such as A − 380, AB-225 and so on: