Competitive Exams: Current Affairs 2011: Rural develpoment

Agriculture and Rural Development

Spice park

The Union Government has approved a proposal for establishment of a spice park at Ramganj Mandi in Kota district of Rajasthan to promote production and marketing of spices.

India's first Spices Park was opened at Chhindwara in Madhya Pradesh.

Spices Board has planned to set up Seven such parks.

Farmer Suicides facts

  • Top five states (2009)

  • MH (2872, 4th time), KA (2, 282), AP, MP (1395), CH (1802)

  • 1997 − 2009

  • 2, 16, 500

  • 2009

  • 17368 (highest)

Kisan gyan kendras

The Lupin Human Welfare and Research Foundation has established Kisan Gyan Kendras (farmers'knowledge centres) in 21 villages of Bharatpur district to provide agriculturists with the latest information on farm technologies, bio-farming and animal husbandry.

  • Rabi sowing up (fact to know)

  • Rabi Showing = 509.42 lakh hectares ( + 4.69)

  • Novel Initiative (Internal Administrative reform)

  • Senior bureaucrats (additional secretary and joint secretary) of union agriculture ministry to tour the country (institutes such as ICAR, KVK, State Agriculture Universities and villages) to identify the institutes and the technology available for dissemination in the field.

  • To submit a report of observations and suggestions.

  • There is a lag in technologies developed in labs and reaching to Indian farmers.

Grow More Pulses Campaign

  • The campaign is an initiative supported by Tata Chemicals and Rallis India to promote the cultivation and availability of pulses in India.

  • Launched as PPP in Punjab and Tamilnadu.

Why is pulses cultivation important for India. What initiatives have been taken by GOI

  • Most of the Indian are vegetarian.

  • Pulses, the most important source of protein in the diet of almost every Indian, have long been marginalised.

  • Statistics revel that in 2007 2008, India was the world's largest producer of pulses; it was also the largest consumer. In 2007 2008, India produced 15.11 million tonnes of pulses and consumed 18 million tonnes. The balance was imported from countries such as Canada, Myanmar and China.

  • In an estimate by the World Health Organization, every Indian needs 80 grams of pulses every day to meet his or her protein needs. This implies that by the year 2018, India will require 38 million tonnes of pulses to meet its population's nutritional requirements. The current demand-supply gap entails the country paying huge import bills to meet its pulses needs, a burden which is passed on to the consumer.

Govt programs

  • Technology Mission on Oilseeds and Pulses

  • Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oilpalm & Maize

  • National Food Security Mission Pulses

Courtesy: The Hindu and Times of India