Competitive Exams: Current Affairs 2011: International Institutions

International Institutions

Referendum for Alternative Vote (AV) system in UK/Britain Says N-t-AV

  • British voters have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to abandon the current first-past-the-post voting system in favour of Alternative Vote (AV) in which people rank candidates in order of preference.

  • Up to 70 per cent of those who voted in a referendum, held on 5, may 2011, said no to AV.

  • Britains first nationwide referendum in more than 30 years was called at the insistence of Lib Dems as part of their demand for broader electoral reforms and a condition for joining the coalition.

  • The Tories (or The Conservative Party) campaigned on a no platform arguing that AV practised only in Australia, Fiji and Papua New Guinea was complicated, more expensive and less fair than first-past-thepost system.

  • The Opposition Labour party was divided on the issue with its leader Ed Miliband backing a change while nearly half the party, including some senior figures, in the opposite bloc. Campaigned for Leader Liberal Democrats. YES Nick Clegg Conservative Party N-David Cameron Labour Party divided Gordon Brown United Nations Security Council Resolution 1976

  • Decides to consider special courts to deal with piracy off the coast of Somalia

  • 11 April 2011

  • Vote: 15 0 0 Egyptian Constitution Changes Pass in Referendum

  • 77 percent of the vote in favor according to final results.

  • The changes eliminate restrictions on political rights and open the way for parliamentary and presidential elections within months.

Type-66 agreement/IAEA approves safeguards for new Pakistani reactors

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) gave its approval to a safeguards agreement for tw-new reactors that Pakistan said China was building for it at Chashma.

  • The Type-66 agreement for the tw-reactors approved by the IAEAs 35-nation Board of Governors was identical to similar agreements already in place for Chashma-1 and Chashma-2.

  • Ignoring NSG, China gets approval for transfer of Chashma-3 & 4 United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973

  • The resolution demands an immediate ceasefire and authorizes the international community to establish a no-fly zone over Libya and to use all means necessary short of foreign occupation to protect civilians.

  • Ten Security Council members voted in the affirmative (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Gabon, Lebanon, Nigeria, Portugal, South Africa, and permanent members France, the United Kingdom, and the United States). Five (Brazil, Germany, and India, and permanent members China and Russia) abstained, with none opposed.

  • The Security Council resolution was proposed by France, Lebanon, and the United Kingdom.

Courtesy: The Hindu and Times of India