Competitive Exams: Current Affairs 2011: Transport Technology

Transport Technology

17th independent zonal railway

  • Kolkata Metro given Zone Status

  • The Kolkata Metro or Calcutta Metro is the Underground Mass Rapid Transit Urban Railway network in Kolkata

  • It was the first underground railway to be built in India, with the first operations commencing in October, 1984 (foundation stone-29 Dec 1972)

Skybus Metro

  • is a rapid transit system indigenously developed by the Konkan Railway in India.

  • Cheaper than normal metro.

  • Konkan Railway trying to find partners.

India to get world's first AC double-decker train

The world's first air-conditioned double-decker train was launched on the Howrah-Dhanbad sector.

World's longest Railway tunnel

The Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT), due to open in late 2017, is a railway tunnel beneath the Alps in Switzerland. With a route length of 57 km (35.4 mi) and a total of 151.84 km (94.3 mi) of tunnels, shafts and passages, it is the world's longest rail tunnel, surpassing the undersea Seikan Tunnel in Japan.

CRH380/world's fastest train

  • China's home-built CRH380 bullet train has been recorded travelling at 420 km per hour, a world record. It will, however, travel between the two cities at less than full tilt, at an average speed of 350 km per hour.

  • India has the world's fourth largest railway network after that of the United States, Russia and China.

  • China has world's largest high-speed rail network and overall third.

  • World's only commercial Maglev Line in Shanghai reaches speeds of 431 km/h.

  • The world record for conventional high-speed rail is held by the V150, a specially configured version of Alstom's TGV which clocked 574.8 km/h on a test run. The world speed record for Maglev is held by the Japanese experimental MLX01: 581 km/h (361 mph).


  • A supercomputer is a computer that is at the frontline of current processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation. The term supercomputer itself is rather fluid, and today's supercomputers tend to become tomorrow's ordinary computers. In general, the speed of a supercomputer is measured in FLOPS (FLoating Point Operations Per Second).

  • India also has indigenously developed C-DAC's PARAM series and BARC's Anupam series of supercomputers.

Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System (DIMTS)

Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System Ltd (DIMTS). is a Joint Venture Company set up with equal equity of the

Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and Infrastructure Development Finance Company (IDFC).

It is aiming to develop and deliver world class urban infrastructure to the citizens of Delhi, primarily in the area of urban transport.

India's largest private port

Mundra Port and SEZ owned by Adani Group

Courtesy: The Hindu and Times of India