28 July observed as World Hepatitis Day [ Current Affairs ]


About World Hepatitis Day: World Hepatitis Day observed on July 28 every year. Hepatitis name has derived from Greek word ‘Hepar’ means liver and ‘itis’ means infection. It is a type of infectious diseases. It is known as Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.

  • It aims to increase worldwide awareness of hepatitis.
  • Its aim is to encourage prevention, analysis and treatment of this disease.
  • It causes acute and chronic disease and kills around 1.4 million people every year.
  • World Hepatitis Day is one of eight official global public health campaigns noticeable by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • 28 July is observed as Hepatitis day because this day is the birthday of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus and he was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.

About types of Hepatitis:

  • Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus . Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, fever, and abdominal pain.
  • Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus which affects the liver . Symptoms: sickness with vomiting, yellow skin, feeling tired, dark urine and abdominal pain.
  • Hepatitis C is an infectious disease affecting primarily to the liver, caused by the hepatitis C virus . HCV is spread primarily by blood-to-blood contact associated with vein drug use, poorly purified medical equipment, and transfusions.
  • Around 500 million people of worldwide are living with hepatitis B or hepatitis C.

Prevention of Hepatitis Disease:

  • This virus transmission can be prevented through better awareness and services that improve injections, blood and injection safety, and by reduce damage.

- Published on: July 29, 2015