By passing law China has officially abandons its One Child Policy [ Current Affairs ]

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By passing law China has officially unrestricted its One Child Policy which is deepening on demographic crisis of shrinking workforce and aging population in the world’s second largest economy. Law has been passed on Population and Family Planning by 159-member National People’s Congress Standing Committee, the top organ of China’s Parliament in this regard.

According to this low, from January 1, 2016 couples have allowed for two children and marks the ending its over three years old One Child Policy.

China’s One Child Policy:

  • China’s One Child Policy was introduced in 1978 and it came in to force from 1978 with objective to control the population and limit demands for water and other resources.
  • The main objective behind this law is to control the population growth for solve problems like social, economic and environmental in China.
  • According to this one child policy Chinese couples are only allowed to single children in order to prevent from 400 million births in 3 decade span.
  • Due to this law includes serious human rights violations like forced abortions and also was disputed it has resulted in China’s economic boom globally it was criticized.

Note:

  • As part of China’s efforts to relax the family planning laws in a response to an ageing population and to manage the demography of the country the new low has adopted.
  • The main aim behind this decision is to reduce gender imbalance as the One Child Policy had caused a dramatic gender imbalance due to forced sterilizations, infanticide and sex-selective abortions.

- Published on: December 30, 2015