Cuba becomes first nation to eliminate mother-to-child HIV and syphilis: WHO [ Current Affairs ]

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The World Health Organisation (WHO) announced that Cuba has become the first country in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis. WHO and the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) which are help and effort to achieve this milestone.

  1. Since 2010, WHO/PAHO are working with partners in Cuba and other American countries to implement a regional initiative to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis.
  2. Cuba had intensively worked to ensure early access to prenatal care, HIV and syphilis testing for pregnant women and their partner as well as their babies.
  3. Services under this initiative were provided as part of an equitable, accessible and universal health system. It included services like maternal and child health programs and integrated programs for HIV and sexually transmitted infections.
  4. Global challenge of mother-to-child HIV transmission is estimated that around 1.4 million women infected HIV every year globally.
  5. The chances of mother-to-child transmission of virus to their children during pregnancy are 15 % to 45% if they are untreated. The risk of transmission of virus in the new born baby which can reduce with the medication of antiretroviral medicines.

- Published on: July 6, 2015