Eight new Ecological Observatories has been setup by India [ Current Affairs ]


Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has announced that new eight Ecological Observatories will be set up in India at Himalayas and Western Ghats for mapping of climate change impact in long term.

  • Currently one Ecological Observatories is present at Mudumalai in 50 hectare from last 30 years and it is observed by Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
  • India has 17 % of world population and 2.5 % land but still biodiversity is 8%.
  • Climate change is not only impact on air, water or weather conditions but also effects on biodiversity, and to observe this impact Long Term Ecological Observation (LETO) Programme is lunched.

Key Facts:

  • This will cover all the major biomes from Himalayas, Western Ghats, and central India to sunder bans and from Jammu and Kashmir to Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  • It will be long-term scientific monitoring of the natural landscapes of the country,
  • Its waters, forests, grasslands, mammals, birds, fishes, insects and traditional human socio-ecological systems, at representative sites will be carried out under a multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional framework.
  • The main focus would be to pick up signals and patterns of how changes in climate are affecting natural and how closely connected human systems of agriculture and pastoralism.

- Published on: December 9, 2015