IEP (Institute for Economics and Peace) released Global Peace Index 2015 [ Current Affairs ]
Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) released the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2015. The GPI 2015 measured peace, its causes and its economic value during 2014. India was placed at the 143rd position among 162 countries, the same as 2014.Rankings of India’s neighbours: Bhutan (18), Nepal (52), Bangladesh (84), Sri Lanka (114), Pakistan (154) and Afghanistan (160).
- India spent fourth largest violence containment expenditure during 2014 with 342 billion US dollars on PPP basis only behind USA, China, Russia. This is equivalent to 4.7 per cent of India’s GDP, or 273 US dollars per person.
- The GPI 2015 ranked the nations according to their level of peacefulness. It measured peace for 162 countries constituting 99.7 of the world population.
- The theme of the global peace index is - the level of safety and security in society, the extent of domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarisation.
- The Index identified drivers of six major Middle East and North Africa (MENA) conflicts occurring in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Israel and Lebanon, which include challenges to government legitimacy, deepening sectarian divides, the destabilizing presence of ISIL and the cross-cutting proxy conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
- Iceland is the most peaceful country, followed by Denmark and Austria at second and third positions, respectively. Others in the top 10 include New Zealand, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, Japan, Australia, and Czech Republic. All the ten highest ranking nations in the GPI are stable democracies.
- GPI (Global Peace Index) as a measure of world peace was launched in 2007. The 2015 release was 9th in the series.
- Published on: June 24, 2015