19th SAARC Summit Hosting by Pakistan in Islamabad [ Current Affairs ]

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19th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Summit meeting of the head of states or head of government of the eight SAARC countries will be kicked off in Islamabad a capital city and Murree of Pakistan on 9th and 10th November 2016 and nine observers of SAARC also invited to attend the Summit.

  • Previously the 18th edition of SAARC Summit was held in Kathmandu, Nepal in November 2014 and its theme was “Deeper Integration for Peace and Prosperity”.
  • The main aim of this summit is to take steps for enhancing member states connectivity for easier transit-transport between them.

About the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC):

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is regional diplomatic organization and geopolitical union in South Asia.
  • Its member states are:
  1. Afghanistan (joined in 2007)
  2. Bangladesh
  3. Bhutan
  4. India
  5. Nepal
  6. The Maldives
  7. Pakistan
  8. Sri Lanka
  • SAARC includes 3 % of the world’s area, 21 % of the world’s population and 9.12 % of the global economy, as of 2015.
  • Nine observer states:
  1. Australia
  2. China
  3. European Union
  4. Japan
  5. Iran
  6. Mauritius
  7. Myanmar
  8. South Korea
  9. United States
  • Previously Ziaur Rahman former President of Bangladesh has recommended   idea for the SAARC on May 2, 1980.
  • The first edition of the summit was organized in 1981 and which was attended by seven founding countries in Dhaka (Bangladesh).
  • The Secretariat of SAARC was established in Kathmandu (Nepal) on 16 January 1987.

- Published on: August 30, 2016