Champaran Satyagrah Express Train Flagged Off by Union Railways Ministry in Bihar [ Current Affairs ]
Champaran Satyagrah Express train has been flagged of by Union Railways Ministry by Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu at a function in Motihari, Bihar. This train will run between Bapudham, Motihari to Anand Vihar, Delhi.
- Champaran Satyagrah Express train has been familiarized to mark 100 years of the historic Champaran Satyagraha (movement) which was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1917.
- It will run weekly which will have load combination of 15 coaches, with one third AC, six sleeper and six overall coaches and two brake vans.
- Along with this the Union Minister also inaugurated Banmankhi – Purnea rail section and Pipraha Railway Station.
- He also initiated road over bridges at Motihar, Begusarai and Danapur through video conferencing.
- Mahatma Gandhi’s first Satyagraha in India was the 1917’s Champaran Satyagraha against the unfair policies European cobalt planters that led to abuse of tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured labourers and poor farmers in Champaran and neighboring areas.
- Gandhi become National Revolution of Indian during Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha and made Satyagraha a powerful tool.
- Champaran is a district in the state of Bihar, tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured labourers and poor farmers were required to grow cobalt and other cash crops in its place of the food crops which were compulsory for their survival.
- These goods were recognized from them at a very low price.
- Curbed by the ruthless militias of the landlords (mostly British), they were given measly return, leaving them in extreme poverty.
- Now in the throes of a devastating famine, the British stimulating a harsh tax which they preserved on cumulative the rate.
- The condition was growing progressively without food and without money, unlivable and the farmers in Champaran appalled against conditions in indigo plant cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and in 1916 at (Turkaulia).
- Published on: June 13, 2016