Forces Command Exempted from Ambit of RTI [ Current Affairs - Policies & Governance ]

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 In 2005, the Strategic Forces Command (SFC), which is part of the National Command Authority (NCA), has been added to the Second Schedule of the Right to Information Act (RTI). A government notification said the Strategy Forces Command was being brought under sub-section (2) of Section 24 of the RTI.

Image shows the Right to Information Act (RTI)

Image shows the Right to Information Act (RTI)

showing image of Right to Information Act (RTI)

  •  The NCA’s Executive Council, chaired by the National Security Adviser, gives inputs to the Political Council, which authorises a nuclear attack if need be.
  • This mechanism is meant to ensure that the nuclear weapons are under civilian control. A Command and Control (C2) mechanism prevents their accidental or unauthorised use.

 RTI’s Section 24 and Second Schedule

 Section 24 of the RTI Act 2005:

  • In the Second Schedule, this law is not applicable to the intelligence and security organisations specified.
  • Theonly exception made for these organisations is the information pertaining to the allegationsof corruption and humanrights violations.  

 Second Schedule: 

  • RTI provides 26 intelligence and security agencies under its ambit.
  • Some are as follow:
Intelligence and security agencies of RTI

Intelligence and security agencies of RTI

showing image of Intelligence and security agencies of RTI

Section 8 of the RTI:

  •  RTI deals with exemption from disclosure of information under this rule.
  • It says that there shall be no obligation on Government include any citizen information, disclosure that will affect
  • It says that there shall be no obligation on Government include any citizen information, disclosure that will affect
    • India’s sovereignty and integrity
    • Security
    • Strategic, scientific or economic interests of the state
    • Relations with foreign States or will lead to incitement of an offence.

About Strategic Forces Command (SFC)

  •  The SFC is a tri-Service command; it is a part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).
  • SFC was formed on January 4, 2003 by an executive order of Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) supervised by then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Role of SFC

  • It is used for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile.
  • A Commander-in-Chief of the rank of Air Marshal heads it. The first commander-in-chief of SFC was Air Marshal Teja Mohan Asthana.                   

About Nuclear Command Authority (NCA)

  • NCA is one type of authority responsible for command of India, control and operational decisions regarding India’s nuclear weapons programme.
  • The NCA’s directions are executed by the Strategic Forces Command The Executive Council is managed by the National Security Adviser (NSA)
  • It gives inputs to the Political Council, which authorises a nuclear attack if need be. The Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and is advised by the Executive Council.
  • This separation of power mechanism is meant to ensure that the nuclear weapons are under civilian control (elected government). It act as a Command and Control (C2) mechanism prevents their accidental or unauthorised use.  

- Published on: August 2, 2016