Government Has Announced That More Than 50 Animal Species Judgmentally Threatened in India [ Current Affairs ]
Recently Union Government has declared that more than 50 animals have been assessed as critically endangered (CR) and 310 as endangered (EN) out of 96, 000 animal species found in India. The Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has announced it in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has conducted calculation studies and they have recorded 96, 000 species of animals from India.
50 animal species are measured as “critically endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and that include:
- 18 species of amphibians
- 14 varieties of fish
- 13 birds
- 10 mammals
IUCN also has measured 310 animal species as rare that includes:
- 69 fish
- 38 mammals
- 32 amphibians
Out of 19, 156 species of vascular plants found in India 1, 236 species belong to different threatened categories like critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable as notified by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
Conservation of threatened species:
Government has formed 730 Protected Areas which includes
- 535 wildlife sanctuaries
- 103 national parks
- 26 community reserves
- 66 conservation reserves
They all first and foremost cover habitats of threatened mega fauna such as rhino, tiger, elephant and others.
The funding for recovery programme of various endangered species has been approved by the National CAMPA Advisory Council, which include:
- Gangetic River Dolphin (CR) with budgetary support of Rs. 23 crore
- Dugong (CR) with a budget of Rs. 23.58 crore
- Great Indian Bustard (CR) with Rs. 108.25 crore
- Manipur Brow Antlered deer (CR) with Rs. 99.95 crore support
- Wild Buffalo (CR) with Rs. 2 crore
- Published on: March 15, 2016