India Suspend Talks on Indus Waters Treaty (Important) [ Current Affairs ]
The Indian Government has decided to suspend all further talks on India-Pakistan Indus Waters Treaty. This was decided in a meeting headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the aftermath of the Uri attack.
National Security Adviser (NSA) Ajit Doval, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar, Water Resources Secretary, and senior PMO officials attended this meeting.
Key Highlights of Meeting
- No review or abrogation of the Indus Waters Treaty
- Utilize water under India’s share to fullest.
- Talks on the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) (the dispute redressal mechanism) suspended until terrorism stops.
- Suspension of the review of the 1987 Tulbbul navigation project.
- Construct more hydropower projects on western rivers (Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab) to promote full utilization.
- Speed up pace of construction of Pakal Dul, Sawalkot, Bursar dams in Jammu and Kashmir.
- Use 20% of river water allocated under treaty for Jammu and Kashmir farmers.
About Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)
- India and Pakistan water-distribution treaty, brokered by the World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development).
- Deals with sharing of water of six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries
- Signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
- Ravi, Beas and Sutlej eastern rivers came under the control of India and Indus, Jhelum and Chenab the western rivers went under the control of Pakistan.
- India can only use 20% of the water of Indus River. Indus flows through India first.
- Most disputes were started by legal procedures, provided for within the framework of the treaty.
- The treaty has survived India-Pakistan wars of 1965, 1971, and the 1999 Kargil standoff as well Kashmir insurgency since 1990.
- It is the most successful water treaty in the world.
- Published on: September 27, 2016