India Will Be Part of MTCR and NSG [ Current Affairs ]

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As recently released India-US Joint Statement released President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Narendra Modi both are looking forward to India’s entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime” (MTCR).

About the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

  • It was established in April 1987.
  • It is a deliberate association of 34 countries (almost 35 when India added formally), and four “unilateral adherents” which follow its rules and they are Israel, Romania, Slovakia, Macedonia.
  • The main objective of this group is to slow the range of missiles and other unmanned distribution technology which could be used for chemical, biological and nuclear attacks.
  • The regime urges members includes most of the world’s major missile manufacturers to control transfers missiles and associated technologies which are able to carrying a 500 kg shipment at least 300 km, or transporting any type of weapon of mass destruction.

How India will get in?

  • Potential members must win consent support from present members.
  • According United States policy, members that are not recognized nuclear-weapon states including India must have to remove or forgo airborne missiles which have a 500 kg payload at least 300 km.
  • In 1998 the US has made an exception for Ukraine and allowed it to retain Scud missiles.
  • While in October 2012 South Korea was allowed to keep ballistic missiles with an 800-km range and 500-kg payload which could target all of North Korea.
  • In the case of India, US may ignored these terms and permit it retain its missile arsenal. India’s membership should come through formally whenever the next MTCR Plenary meeting takes place — the last one was held in Rotterdam in October 2015.

How does the MTCR work?

  • Every Member must have national policies governing to export ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, space launch vehicles, drones, remotely piloted vehicles, sounding rockets, and their components.
  • There are two categories of exports:
  • This are essential kind of exports that includes complete products and key sub-systems and also meant to be extremely rare with guidelines teaching members that “there will be strong presumption to deny transfers”;
  • This contains materials, technologies and components which are transferred very easily, since they usually have civilian applications, even if these too are done with carefulness.

Is MTCR make getting missile technology easier?

  • Currently there are no special concessions for MTCR members but India is hopping its MTCR membership will be main reason for the US to deliberate exporting Category 1 UAVs, Reaper and Global Hawk, which is important to counter-terrorism efforts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen.

Why does India want to be in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)?

  • The US pushed for setting up a club of nuclear equipment and fissile material suppliers after India’s 1974 nuclear tests.
  • The 48-nation group structures and tools agreed rules for spreading nuclear equipment for directing the spread of nuclear missiles and members are only known by consensus.
  • Since 2008 India has been trying to join the group by which India get a place at the high table where the rules of nuclear commerce are definite and ultimately get the ability to sell tools.
  • Many countries are opposite for India’s entry in NSG just as Australia but Mexico and Switzerland are in the support.
  • Until China accepts India’s entry, India can’t accept membership of NSG.

Why does the US want India in the NSG?

  • The US makes effort to support the global nuclear non-proliferation regime, whose centerpiece is the 1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, or NPT.
  • The NPT describes “nuclear weapons states” to those which have tested devices before January 1, 1967 that means India cannot ever be member of NSG.
  • Unlike India, Israel and Pakistan are also not able to be members.
  • Former President George W Bush’s government made strategic cooperation with India from 2005.
  • Nuclear energy was a key resource for support cooperation for India, but India is not member of the NPT so it could not share.
  • The US agreed for Indian entry because of India will be practical for all purposes like an NPT member.

- Published on: June 10, 2016