International Literacy Day is Observed on 8th September [ Current Affairs - International Relations ]

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8 September is observed as the International Literacy Day annually across the world to make aware about the significance of literacy to population, society and communities. In this year 2016 is the 50th International Literacy Day.

  • “Reading the Past, Writing the Future” is the theme of this year.
  • To mark this day many different functions are organized across the India which was planned by the National Literacy Mission Authority.
  • The National Literacy Mission (NLM) was initiated by the government in 1988 with the objective of eradicating illiteracy.

About International Literacy Day

  • In 1966 the day was introduced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
  • Because in 1915 at the time of first Census after Independence, the literacy rate of country was 18% so to improve it this day was being launched.
  • And in the last Census in 2011 the literacy rate of India reached at around 73% and India assumes to achieve 80% if literature rate till to the 12th Plan Period.
  • UNESCO repeats the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning worldwide on every occasion of the  International Literacy Day.

National Literacy Mission (NLM)

  • It was launched in 1988.
  • It aims at attaining functional literacy for 100 million persons in the age-group of 15 − 35 (including age-group 9 − 14).
  • Whereas Non Formal education is not in operation in a time bound manner.
  • The most important development has taken place wider NLM is the near ascending of campaign made in adult education program in the country.

- Published on: September 9, 2016