International Maritime Judicial Centre is Going to Be Set Up by China [ Current Affairs ]

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In order to handle territorial disputes and protect its sea rights Supreme Court of china has announced to set up its own International Maritime Judicial Centre (IMJC). In this regard Chief Justice Zhou Qiang of China’s Supreme Court has make announcement at the annual meeting of the national legislature National People’s Congress (NPC).

With this implementation china will become stronger to claims in the disputed South and East China seas and also help it become a maritime power.

Background:

  • At present time China is protected in rows with its neighbors over claims in the resource-rich South China Sea.
  • But the tensions have risen in recent times on China’s antagonistic land recovery continues to build artificial islands, airport runways and facilities on disputed reefs.
  • Generally International maritime disputes between countries are usually brought before the United Nation’s International Court of Justice (ICJ).
  • Previously Philippines had follow on settlement case against China over their competing claims in the South China Sea but China has refused to participate.

About Disputes in South China Sea:

Disputes in South China Sea is battle over the territory and sovereignty of Spratly and Parcels islands in South China Sea along with other atolls, reefs and rocky outcrops between

  • China
  • Philippines
  • Vietnam

Importance of these islands:

  • They are located in South China Sea at a major international shipping route as world’s half merchant ships passes from that.
  • They also have assets of natural resources around them including petroleum.

China’s claim:

  • As the historical events and area defined by Nine Dash Line, china claimed that major portion of these islands belong to them.
  • And China has already started and even completed building false islands and even strategic runways for mobilizing its air-force from these islands.

- Published on: March 15, 2016