Nalanda Mahavihara Enters UNESCO’S World Heritage Site List [ Current Affairs ]
Nalanda Mahavihara (also known as old Nalanda University) of Bihar has been included in the List of UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. Nalanda Mahavihara c Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) comprises the archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE.
- It located near Patna and patina is a state capital of Bihar.
- It is 26th cultural site of India to get respected world heritage status.
- The world cultural organization UNESCO given this status to the site.
- It will help in maintenance and protection of the site in a better way, with increased funds from the UNESCO.
- Nalanda University located at Nalanda district has become the second World Heritage Site in Bihar after Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi temple.
- In 5th century CE Nalanda University was founded by Kumargupta of the Gupta dynasty.
- It was the earliest planned university of the Indian subcontinent.
- This university was supported by various rulers including King Harshavardhana of Kannauj (7th century CE) and the Pala rulers (8th to 12th century CE) as well as various scholars.
- It was considered as a infrequent combination of outstanding achievements in institution-building, site-planning, art and architecture.
- University engaged in the organised transmission of knowledge over an uninterrupted period of 800 years.
- Students were admitted in this university after difficult evaluation.
- It reported knowledge related to Buddhism, contemporary texts and grammar, philosophies, logics, science, and medicine.
- The site includes shrines, stupas, viharas (residential and educational buildings) and important art works in stucco, stone and metal.
- Published on: July 18, 2016