Nalanda Mahavihara Enters UNESCO’S World Heritage Site List [ Current Affairs ]


Nalanda Mahavihara (also known as old Nalanda University) of Bihar has been included in the List of UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. Nalanda Mahavihara c Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) comprises the archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE.

  • It located near Patna and patina is a state capital of Bihar.
  • It is 26th cultural site of India to get respected world heritage status.
  • The world cultural organization UNESCO given this status to the site.
  • It will help in maintenance and protection of the site in a better way, with increased funds from the UNESCO.
  • Nalanda University located at Nalanda district has become the second World Heritage Site in Bihar after Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi temple.
Image shows the Nalanda University

Image shows the Nalanda University

Showing image of Nalanda University

Key Details:

  • In 5th century CE Nalanda University was founded by Kumargupta of the Gupta dynasty.
  • It was the earliest planned university of the Indian subcontinent.
  • This university was supported by various rulers including King Harshavardhana of Kannauj (7th century CE) and the Pala rulers (8th to 12th century CE) as well as various scholars.
  • It was considered as a infrequent combination of outstanding achievements in institution-building, site-planning, art and architecture.
  • University engaged in the organised transmission of knowledge over an uninterrupted period of 800 years.
  • Students were admitted in this university after difficult evaluation.
  • It reported knowledge related to Buddhism, contemporary texts and grammar, philosophies, logics, science, and medicine.
  • The site includes shrines, stupas, viharas (residential and educational buildings) and important art works in stucco, stone and metal.

- Published on: July 18, 2016