Rajya Sabha Passes Mental Health Care Bill [ Current Affairs - Policies & Governance ]
Rajya sabha passes a Mental Health care bill to provide better health care facility for people which are suffering from mental illness. Health Minister is J P Nadda. The bill aims is to provide better support and facilities to the people suffering from various kinds of mental illnesses. This bill was introduced in 2013.
- It Provides every person has right to access mental health care and treatment from services funded by the government.
- It establishes Mental Health Review Commission and Board (MHRCB) as a quasi-judicial body.
- This bill also give a right to equality of treatment, protection from inhuman and degrading treatment and access to their medical records free legal services etc.
- It’s also provides the defense and promotion of rights of persons with mental illness during the delivery of health care in institutions and in community.
- Person shall not be responsible to punishment under section 309 (attempt to commit suicide) of Indian Penal Code (IPC).
- This bill provides for establishment of Central and State Mental Health Authority.
- Around 6 to 7 per cent of the population suffers from some kind of mental illnesses and 1 to 2 per cent of population suffers from acute mental disease in India.
- When formulating the bill various stakeholders including experts, academia, and political establishment were consulted.
- It’s also focus on community based treatment. It’s also includes the special provision for women and health.
- Bill was offered as per the United Nations Contract on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to which India is signatory.
- In this bill also requires the countries to align their laws with the Convention.
- Published on: August 9, 2016