Scientists to Undertake Field Trials of Oil-Degrading Bacteria in Kochi [ Current Affairs ]

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Scientists have planned to undertake field trials of three new strains of oil-degrading bacteria in Kochi, Kerala. These new strains conducted Laboratory tests were successful. The Malabar Botanical Garden and Institute of Plant Sciences (MBGIPS), Kozhikode and Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) were field trials will be conducted.

  • Study will cover the way for the development of bioremediation agents to clean up petroleum pollutants from the environment.
Image shows the oil-degrading bacteria

Image shows the oil-degrading bacteria

Showing image of oil-degrading bacteria

Key Facts

  • To degrade and utilize hydrocarbons as a source of carbon and energy, Oil-degrading bacteria (microorganisms) have enzyme systems.
  • Scientists from MBGIPS successfully insulated key hydrocarbon-degrading enzyme produced by the bacteria based on this concept.
  • Three new strains isolated by MBGIPS.
  • It’s including two species of Burkholderia and one species of Pseudomonas.
  • Oil-degrading bacteria have been sequenced and submitted to the Genbank database on organisms.

About Bioremediation:

  • Bioremediation is an environment-friendly mechanism.
  • That uses microorganisms to degrade environmental pollutants.
  • It is harmless, environment-friendly mechanism to clean up pollution caused by leaks and accidental falls during investigation, transport, refining and storage of petroleum products.

Benefits:

  • Bioremediation helps to remove pollutants from the environment because it’s less expensive environment-friendly mechanism.
  • The other method like Conventional methods includes mechanical removal, burial, vanishing, spreading, and washing to remove environmental pollutants are expensive.
  • These traditional methods also can lead to incomplete decomposition, leaving residual contaminants to pollute soil and water.

- Published on: July 25, 2016