South China Sea Dispute [ Current Affairs - International Relations ]
South China Sea disputes involve both Island and maritime claims. China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei all country has competing this claim over territory in the South China Sea.
- This disputes concerning the Spratly and Paracel islands as a maritime area near to sea and boundaries in the Gulf of Tonkin and others.
- South China Sea disputes are fight mainly between China, Philippines, and Vietnam over the territorial autonomy in South China Sea along with other islands, reefs and unsteady outcrops.
- “Track Two” forum for dialogue on security issues is the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific.
- This forum on security issues on the South China Sea. Surrounding the Asia-Pacific region includes South China Sea.
- US not take sides in this territorial disputes but it has sent military ships and planes near disputed islands.
- It’s called freedom of navigation operations to safeguard access to key shipping and air routes.
- Non-claimants country wants the South China Sea to remain as international waters. United States of America conducting freedom of navigation operations.
- These are the global consequences and the fears that the area is becoming a flashpoint.
- It is saying major portion of these islands included them are part of the historical events and area defined by Nine Dash Line.
- China already started and even completed building artificial islands. It’s also completed strategic runways for forming its airforce from these islands.
Significance of South China Sea:
- It is advantageously located and it is major international shipping route.
- It is world’s half merchant ships passes through it.
- South China Sea rich in energy (reserves of natural resources like petroleum around them), mineral and fishing resources.
Map of South China Sea dispute:
- Published on: August 10, 2016