South China Sea Dispute [ Current Affairs - International Relations ]


South China Sea disputes involve both Island and maritime claims. China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei all country has competing this claim over territory in the South China Sea.

Image of South China Sea

Image of South China Sea

showing image of South China Sea

Key Details:

  • This disputes concerning the Spratly and Paracel islands as a maritime area near to sea and boundaries in the Gulf of Tonkin and others.
  • South China Sea disputes are fight mainly between China, Philippines, and Vietnam over the territorial autonomy in South China Sea along with other islands, reefs and unsteady outcrops.
  • “Track Two” forum for dialogue on security issues is the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific.
  • This forum on security issues on the South China Sea.  Surrounding the Asia-Pacific region includes South China Sea.
  • US not take sides in this territorial disputes but it has sent military ships and planes near disputed islands.
  • It’s called freedom of navigation operations to safeguard access to key shipping and air routes.
  • Non-claimants country wants the South China Sea to remain as international waters. United States of America conducting freedom of navigation operations.
  • These are the global consequences and the fears that the area is becoming a flashpoint.

China’s claim:

  • It is saying major portion of these islands included them are part of the historical events and area defined by Nine Dash Line.
  • China already started and even completed building artificial islands. It’s also completed strategic runways for forming its airforce from these islands.

Significance of South China Sea:

  • It is advantageously located and it is major international shipping route.
  • It is world’s half merchant ships passes through it.
  • South China Sea rich in energy (reserves of natural resources like petroleum around them), mineral and fishing resources.

Map of South China Sea dispute:

Map of South China Sea dispute

Map of South China Sea dispute

showing image of map of South China Sea dispute

- Published on: August 10, 2016