Supreme Court gives notification to center for lifting ban on Jallikattu [ Current Affairs ]
The Supreme Court will give notification to the Union Government for lifting ban on traditional bull taming sport Jallikattu during the festival of Pongal in Tamil Nadu. And for this the apex court rejected the request of Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and Tamil Nadu Government.
- SC bench comprising justices Dipak Misra and N V Ramana has taken decision in this regard on petitions filed by various bodies including Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) seeking striking down of the MoEF’s notification.
- MoEF had lifted the four-year-old ban on 8th January 2016 for holding of Jallikattu ahead of the Pongal festival along with Bullock cart races in Maharashtra.
- According to this notification the exhibition or training of bulls and some other animals, for performing animals by following the traditional customs as a part of culture is allowed.
- The notification includes few guidelines to control these sports.
- This notification was totally against as it is banned by the Supreme Court in 2014 ruling which had completely banned use of bulls for Jallikattu (also bull fighting) events or bullock-cart races across the country.
- The ban was imposed by SC as it violated provisions of according to The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960; fundamental duty Article 51A (g): compassion towards animal; Article 21 (Right to Life) SC has completely ban the Jallikattu which bans any trouble to the environment, including animals as it is considered essential for human life.
- Jallikattu is known as Manju virattu or Eruthazhuvuthal.
- It is a bull taming sport which is part of Pongal celebrations in Tamil Nadu which is played on Mattu Pongal day.
- It is one of the oldest traditions practiced in the modern era.
- Jallikattu has been derived from the words ‘calli’ (coins) and ‘kattu’ (tie), which means a bundle of coins is tied to the bull’s horns.
- Earlier it is so popular sport during the Tamil classical period.
- The bull tamer required to remove this bundle from the animal’s head to win gold or silver coins to be called ‘brave’ and ‘valorous’.
- All castes participate in the event and majority of Jallikattu bulls belong to the pulikulam breed of cattle.
- Published on: January 13, 2016