Thailand: First Asian Country to Eliminate Mother to Child HIV [ Current Affairs ]
Thailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission as resent report of the World Health Organization (WHO) so in this regard; Health Minister of Thailand was honored with the certificate of validation during a ceremony at United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS in New York.
- Currently, Thailand has less than 2 % ratio of the mother-to-child transmission of HIV and all pregnant women living with HIV have access to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy to ease transmission of virus from mother to child during pregnancy.
- Under Thailand’s Universal Health Coverage framework routine selection and universal free medicine for pregnant women with HIV was vital in stopping the virus being delivered to new generations.
- Cuba was the first and only country up to July 2015 in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission under the WHO’s criteria back.
- 15 - 45 % probabilities of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to their children during pregnancy if they are untreated.
- The risk of transmission of virus in the new born is high with the medication of antiretroviral medicines.
- The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lent virus which causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
- AIDS is a situation in humans in which immune system progressively gone fail which causes life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.
- Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is projected to be 9 to 11 years, conditional on the HIV subtype.
- HIV Infection occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk.
- HIV is extant as both free virus particles and virus within infected protected cells within these bodily fluids.
- Published on: June 9, 2016