IAS Mains Paper: Agriculture 2000

Paper-I

Section A

  1. Write short critical notes in about 200 words each on any three of the following:

    1. Regulated Market

    2. Farm Budgeting

    3. Integrated Weed Control in Wheat

    4. Natural Resource Management

  2. What is farm labour? Explain reasons for their low efficiency and write measures to improve the efficiency of the farm labour.

  3. What is green revolution and its after effects on crop production? How can we make grey areas green to meet the challenges of food requirement for the increasing population of the country?

  4. What are the limiting factors of production responsible in pulses and oilseed crops? Suggest suitable steps needed to enhance their production in the country.

Section B

  1. Write short critical notes in about 200 words each on any three of the following:

    1. Environmental Pollution

    2. Classification of Herbicides

    3. Particle Density

    4. Phosphorus in Crop Production

  2. Describe the role of nitrification inhibitors with mechanism of their working and suitable examples.

  3. Define and differentiate between soil texture and soil structure. How do you determine soil texture? Give brief description of structural types with schematic drawings.

  4. What is water erosion? Write its mechanism, soil loss equation and control measures.

Paper-II

Section A

  1. Answer any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. What were the reasons for Mendel's success in his genetic experiments? Explain how Mendelian inheritance differs from cytoplasmic inheritance.

    2. What are different components of variation in a plant population? How do you calculate how heritability using variance components? Explain how heritable variation can be created artificially.

    3. Explain with the help of a flow chart how backcross method of breeding can be used for transfer of disease resistance controlled by a dominant gene. List the merits and limitations of backcross method of breeding.

    4. Describe the part played by chlorophyll, carbon dioxide and light in the synthesis of carbohydrates

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Describe the climatic and soil requirements for ‘be nana’ cultivation. Mention the names of popular varieties of banana. Explain how planting material is prepared for banana cultivation.

    2. Describe salient features of ‘transcription’ and ‘translation’ in protein synthesis.

    3. Describe briefly the biological methods of pest control in agricultural and horticultural crops with suitable examples.

  3. Write short notes on the following:

    1. Paracentric inversion

    2. Bio-pesticides

    3. Vernalization

    4. Molecular marker approach in plant breeding

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Explain the significance of vegetables in human nutrition with suitable examples.

    2. What is sex-linked inheritance? How does it differ from Mendelian inheritance? Explain sex determination in Drosophila.

    3. Write about the causative organisms, symptoms of damage and chemical control of the

    following diseases:

    1. Dieback in citrus

    2. Damping off in cauliflower

    3. Sooty mould in mango

    4. Anthracnose in grapes

Section B

  1. Answer any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. Distinguish between intra-and inter-specific hybridization. Explain the barriers encountered during inter-specific hybridization and methods to overcome them.

    2. Differentiate between macro and micro-mutations. Explain the role of mutations in crop improvement with appropriate examples.

    3. What are auxins? Give their mode of action and explain their importance with reference to horticulture in India.

    4. Describe with suitable diagrams the events and their significance during interphase, prophase and metaphase stages of Meiosis-I.

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. What arc the factors contributing to low production of Fruits in India V What measures are necessary to increase their production and productivity?

    2. Describe the management of the following crop pests:

      1. Fruitfly in mango

      2. Fruit borer in tomato

      3. Red hairy caterpillar in groundnut

      4. Stem borer in sugarcane

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. What are the importance diseases of paddy? Name, the causative organisms of these diseases. Give the management schedule of these diseases.

    2. Distinguish incompatibility from sterility. Give classification of incompatibility. Explain the significance of incompatibility in plant breeding with relevant examples.

    3. Define germplasm. How do you maintain germplasm? List donor genetic resources for various traits being used for developing the new plant type in rice.

  4. Write brief notes on the following

    1. Sex-limited characters

    2. Combining ability

    3. Phytoalexins

    4. Non-aerobic respiration