IAS Mains Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Papers 2007

IAS Mains Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science 2007

Paper-I

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: (20 × 3 = 60)

    1. Steaming up

    2. Buffalo semen diluents

    3. Milk synthesis and ejection

    4. Bypass proteins

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Agro-industrial by-products are gaining momentum day-by-day in livestock feeding. How do you proceed in preparing safer feeds from the above products (50)?

    2. Name ten agro-industrial by-products used in feeding livestock (10).

  3. Why is fertility status of cattle and buffaloes low in India? Give suggestions for improving the fertility status of cattle and buffaloes in India (60).

  4. Enlist the proteolytic enzymes of gastro-intestinal tract of monogastrics (swine). Write the substrate and product formed and the optimum pH required for activity (60).

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: (20 × 3 = 60)

    1. Package of practices in supply of green fodder to dairy cattle round the year

    2. Up-grading

    3. Management of livestock in drought conditions

    4. Environment and genotype interactions

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. What do you understand by the words ‘Random Mating’ and ‘Selection’ When do we use random mating in breeding of livestock (30)?

    2. Explain the various aids to selection and their relative merits and demerits (30).

  3. Enlist different farming systems that are adopted in livestock rearing. Explain the advantages and limitations in each farming system. Suggest a feasible farming system most suitable to Indian conditions (60).

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. What do you mean by ‘Variance’ Discuss in detail about the components of variance (30).

    2. What is heritability in the broad sense and heritability in the narrow sense? Give examples (30).

Paper-II

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any Three of the following in about 200 words each: (20 × 3 = 60)

    1. Structure of sweat glands and their functions.

    2. Respiration in birds

    3. Drugs acting on Autonomous Nervous System.

    4. Significance of endocrine glands.

  2. Discuss the following: (30 × 2 = 60)

    1. Investigation techniques for diagnosis of bacterial diseases-especially for collection, preservation and dispatch of materials along with the laboratory procedures to be performed.

    2. Indications, diagnosis, treatment and management of ‘cyanide’ poisoning in cattle.

  3. Describe etiology, transmission, diagnosis, prevention and control of rabies. Discuss its public-health significance/importance (60).

  4. In spite of advancement in diagnostic techniques due to development in the field of biotechnology and molecular biology why are diseases like Tuberculosis, ‘Jhones disease’ Brucellosis etc. Still threatening to the Indian Live-Stock Economy/Industry (60)?

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: (20 × 3 = 60)

    1. Role of Veterinarian in Public Health.

    2. Significance of preanaesthetic medications.

    3. Materials and methods for collections of samples for veterolegal investigation.

    4. Role of extension in Animal Husbandry Sector.

  2. Discuss the following: (30 × 2 = 60)

    1. Regulatory provisions in meat trade industry.

    2. Application of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease control.

  3. Enumerate viral diseases of poultry. Discuss different vaccines and vaccination schedules used for Ranikhet Disease (RD) and Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD). In spite of regular vaccination why are outbreaks of both the above diseases observed (60)?

  4. Discuss indications and surgical interferences/interventions of hernia in cow, caesarian in buffalo and choking in horse (60).