IAS Mains General Studies Papers 1979

IAS Mains General Studies 1979

Paper I

Section A

  1. Describe briefly the contribution of any seven of the following to the xxx and thought of modern India (About 40 words each) 28

    1. Vivekananda

    2. Sri Aurobindo

    3. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

    4. Dayanand Saraswati

    5. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

    6. Mirza Ghalib

    7. xxx

    8. Saroji Naidu

    9. CV Raman

    10. Lala Lajpat Rai

  2. Explain the cultural importance of any six of the following places (About 50 words each) 30

    1. Amritsar

    2. Ajmer

    3. Ajanta

    4. Aligarh

    5. Patna

    6. Pune

    7. Pandicherry

    8. Goa

    9. Santiniketan

    10. Tanjore

  3. Describe briefly the impact of any seven of the following on India (about 40 words each) 28

    1. The Great War of 1914 − 18

    2. The Green Revolution

    3. The founding of the United Nations

    4. The World Bank

    5. UNESCO

    6. Man's Landing on the moon

    7. Non-alignment

    8. Leo Tolstoy

    9. xxx

    10. Karl Marx

  4. Assess the success and failure of India education and indicate the desirable changes needed in the present system (About 200 words). 21

  5. Explain briefly the main contributions of Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore and Jawaharlal Nehru to the making of modern India (About 250 words). 30

  6. State (not more than 2 lines) as to what the following stand for: 20

    1. xxx

    2. Rolling Plan

    3. The Group of 77

    4. The Forty Second Amendment

    5. SALT II

    6. SALYUT-6

    7. APOLLO-17

    8. MONEX


    10. Double Quasan

  7. Write brief notes on the following (about 30 words each): 20

    1. Mother Teresa

    2. Rukmani Devi xxx

    3. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay

    4. Faiz Ahmed Faiz

    5. BP Koirala

    6. xxx

    7. Moshe Dayan

    8. xxx

    9. RK Narayan

    10. JRD Tata

  8. Name the following 10

    1. Chief Justice of India

    2. Vice-Chairman of the Planning Commission of India

    3. Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

    4. President of the Chamber of Commerce of India

    5. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

    6. Head of the State of Yugoslavia

    7. Secretary of State of the USA

    8. Foreign Minister of the USSR

    9. President of the General Assembly of the United Nations

    10. Secretary General of the United Nations

  9. Describe the main contributions of Jai Prakash Narayan to Indian society and politics (About 200 words). 30

  10. State the distinctive features of the national budget for 1979 − 80. To what extent are the present inflationary trends derived from the budget provisions (About 200 words)? 25

  11. Answer these

    1. Write about 100 words each on the following: 20

    2. The International Year of the Child

    3. The New International Economic Order

  12. Study the following data on the value of Exports from India and write down four major conclusions you reach: 18 Exports to Principal Countries (Rs. Lakhs)


    Year 1950 − 51

    Year 1970 − 71

    Year 1976 − 77


    Rs. 13, 982

    Rs. 17, 044

    Rs. 51, 012


    Rs. 11, 588

    Rs. 20, 734

    Rs. 54, 958


    Rs. 138

    Rs. 20, 985

    Rs. 44, 039


    Rs. 1, 027

    Rs. 20, 348

    Rs. 54, 024

    West Germany


    Rs. 3, 231

    Rs. 22, 434


    Rs. 550

    Rs. 1, 173

    Rs. 2, 984


    Rs. 41

    Rs. 410

    Rs. 6, 066

    Total (including other countries)

    Rs. 60, 064

    Rs. 1, 53, 516

    Rs. 5, 14, 323

  13. Below are given the sales of a radio manufacturing company: Monthly sales of radio units


    Last year

    This year


    Units 100

    Units 98


    Units 104

    Units 103


    Units 105

    Units 104


    Units 109

    Units 107


    Units 109

    Units 108


    Units 110

    Units 110


    Units 111

    Units 110


    Units 111

    Units 111


    Units 112

    Units 111


    Units 114

    Units 112


    Units 115

    Units 120


    Units 120

    Units 126


    Units 110

    Units 110

    From the above data, A concluded, “I am worried, in each of the first ten months this year, the sales have been lower than the corresponding month last. The increase in the last two months is fortuitous.”

    B concluded, “I am happy. In both the years sales have steadily risen between January and December; this year even more than last year.”

    C concluded, “I do not feel bothered. The average performance this year is no worse than last year's.”

    What do you conclude and why? 16

  14. Calculate the average speed of a car running at the rate of xxx kmilometers per hour (kph) during the first 10 kilometres, at 20 kph during the 10 kilometres, and 28 kph during the third 10 kilometres. What will be the average speed of the car if it runs at 40 kph during the remaining 20 kilometres of the journey? 6

  15. The table below gives the temperature of a place in degrees centigrade at hourly interval after midnight on a specified day:

    Time (hours after midnight)

    Temperature (oC)


    27.3° C


    27.0° C


    26.8° C


    26.5° C


    26.2° C


    26.4° C


    26.8° C


    27.0° C


    27.2° C


    28.2° C


    29.3° C

    Draw a suitable graph and estimate the temperatures:

    1. 2½ hours after midnight

    2. xxx hours after midnight

    3. 9 ⅓ hours after midnight

    4. Does your graph help you to estimate the temperature 12 hours?

    5. Does your graph help you to estimate the temperature 24 hours after midnight? explain why? 10

Paper II

Time Allowed: Three HoursMaximum Marks: 300

Answer must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No Marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate. Candidates should attempt all questions strictly in accordance with the instructions given under each question. The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question. SECTION I

  1. Each question of this section carries 75 marks

    1. What is the basic structure of the Constitution of India? Briefly review the important amendments to the Constitution since its adoption by the Constituent Assembly. Specify any particular amendments which were later repealed and the reasons there for (About 500 words). OR

    2. What is the scheme of division of powers between the Centre and the the State under the Constitution of India? Discuss whether the grant of greater authority to the States would be in the interests of strengthening the integrity and promoting the economic development of the country (About 500 words).

  2. Answer these:

    1. Briefly review our achievements in industrial development over the plan periods. What roles have been assigned to the Public Sector and the Small-Scale Industries in our industrial development plans and programmes (About 500 words)? OR

    2. Discuss the role of Village Cooperative Movements in promoting rural welfare and development in India. How is the National Dairy Development Board achieving their objectives (About 500 words)?

  3. Answer these:

    1. Briefly review India's Energy resources. In the context of the world shortage of petroleum, how would you plan for meeting our rural energy needs? Discuss the relative merits of centralised generation, supply and distribution of energy vis-a-vis generation of energy at consumer points or centres (About 500 words). OR

    2. Comment critically on the impact thta modern Science and Technology have made on the attitudes, life styles, social structures and economic well being of the people in the rural areas in India (About 500 words).

Section II

  1. Write short notes not exceeding 150 words on any two of the following topics:

    1. Directive Principles of State Policy

    2. Problems of political defections and possible remedies

    3. Role of the judiciary in India

    4. Functions of the Election Commission

  2. Answer any two of the following in not more than 150 words each:

    1. Why is there a concentration of jute mills along the Hoogly and chemical industries in Gujarat?

    2. Explain briefly the important of the Beas Sutlej Link Project.

    3. What is the economic importance of the Kandla and Paradeep ports?

    4. What are the current problems facing the Tarapur Atomic Power Project and what steps are being considered to overcome them?

  3. Answer any two of the following in not more than 150 words each:

    1. What has been the contribution of Science and Technology to the development of Indian Agriculture?

    2. Indicate the sources of atmospheric pollution in the major urban centres in India and the steps to be taken to minimise the problem.

    3. Explain briefly the impact of the Computer and Industry, Education and Public Services in India.

    4. Give a brief review of India's accomplishments in the field of space science and Technology.

Section III

  1. Answer any ten of the following:

    1. Name three important regional political parties in India.

    2. Name the Indian Scientists who have won the Noble Prize and their work.

    3. What categories of persons are nominated by the President of India to the Rajya Sabha?

    4. With which political party is the all India Trade Union Congress aligned?

    5. Mention the number of States and the number of Union Territories in India.

    6. Which industrial group in the private sector holds the largest assets today in India?

    7. What are the locations of the Indian Institutes of Technology?

    8. Name one important National Laboratory/Reseach institute in each of the xxx of the country.

    9. Name four major public sector industrial undertakings in Bangalore.

    10. Name two distinguished Indian Agricultural Scientists.

    11. To what authority is the Union Council of Ministers collective responsible?

    12. What can be the maximum duration of an ordinance promulgated by the Governor of a state during the recess of the State legislature?

    13. What is India's position in the world in respect of Scientific and Technological manpower?

    14. Name the atomic mineral of which India has abundant resources.

    15. Where Bourgaigaon and why is it important?