General Studies IAS Mains 1980 Paper I

Section I

  1. The second half of the nineteenth century witnessed in India a strong wave of reformation in the spheres of religion and society. What part was played in this directly or indirectly by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Keshab Chandra Sen and Just M. G. Rande (Not more than 200 words)? 25

  2. Mahatma Gandhi wrote in 1928 to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru: “the differences between you and me appear to be so vast and radical that there seems to be no meeting ground between us.” State briefly the difference in approach of Gandhiji and Pandit Nehru to the following two issues and indicate the impact of their views on our Constitution and Government policy"

    1. Socialism as a goal of National Policy

    2. Place of Industries in Indian Economy.

    (Not more than 150 words)

  3. What were the main reasons for the decision of the British Government to leave India after transferring power the “British India” and the ‘Rulers’ of Indian states (Not more than 150 words)? 25

  4. Why were the states of India ‘reorganised’ in 1950? Do you think that the policy has served the purpose which the Government had in view? Give reasons for your views. 25

  5. Which are the classical dances of India? Where did they originate? Name one distinguished dance of each school of classical dance. Are the measures adequate for promotion for such dances in India? What further measures would you suggest for the promotion of classical dances (Not more than 150 words). 25

Section II

  1. The policy of nonalignment was enunciated by Pandit Nehru and it has become a cornerstone of the foreign policy of independent India. What are the principles underlying the concept of nonalignment? Has this policy been fruitful? Give reasons for your views (Not more than 150 words). 25

  2. The most striking change in our social life today is the improved staturs of women. Who and what organisations helped their cause enabling them to attain that present status? What important safeguards have been provided in the Constitution and the laws of the land for protection of women's interests? In what directions are further legal measures for their protection called for (Not more than 200 words)? 25

  3. What is ‘Commonwealth’ of Nations? Who are eligible for its membership? What are its aims? How does it function? Has any member left the Commonwealth (Not more than 150 words)? 25

  4. Why did USSR send troops to Afganistan? What are the broad issues involved? What has been India's response to the Afgan situation (Not more than 150 words)? 25

  5. Answer the following

    1. Where is the island of Diego Garcia? To which country does it belong? For what purpose is it used? Why has it come prominently in the news (Not more than 150 words)? 15

    2. Why was a referendum held recently in Nepal? What was its result? Does it affect in any way the bilateral relations between Indian and Nepal? Give reasons for your answer (Not more than 100 words). 10

  6. Answer the following

    1. Write short notes on the following (Not more than 150 words on each).

      1. Asian Charter for health development

      2. Bonus Ordinance issued by the President in August 1980

    2. Who are the authors of the following books?

      1. India wins freedom

      2. Arthasastra

      3. Mrityunjaya

      4. Merchant of Venice

    3. In which field have the following persons distinguished themselves?

      1. Mohammad RAfi

      2. K. D. Singh (Babu)

      3. M S Subbulakshmi

      4. Salim Ali

      5. Peter Sellers

  7. Why was ASEAN formed? Who are its members? What has ASEAN achieved so far? What stand has it taken in respect of problems in Afganistan and Kampuchea (Not more than 150 words)? 25

  8. Answer the following

    1. When were the modern Olympic Games held first? Where were they held in July 1980? Where will the games be held next? Who conduct these games? 5

    2. What do the interlinked five rings on the Olympic Flag represent? Which country leads the march of the participants on the opening day of the Games and which countrycomes last in this march-past? Name the mascot for the 9th Olympic Games.

    3. What are the main reasons for the decline of hocky played in India? What remedial measure would you suggest (Not more than 150 words)? 15

  9. Answer the following In many democratic countries radio and televisions are not under the control of the State. Do you think that the same policy shoudl be adopted in India? Mention briefly xxx in favour of and against such a step (Not more than 200 words). 25

Section III

  1. The statistics available with the police authorities about the state of crimes in an important metropolitan city in India up to 31.7. 80 were as under (figures have been compiled for each year ending the 31st July) 10

    Crimes

    1977

    1978

    1979

    1980

    Dacoites

    8

    39

    50

    23

    Murders

    110

    102

    105

    119

    Attempted murders

    150

    114

    196

    167

    Robberies

    405

    178

    372

    202

    Riots

    155

    70

    195

    104

    Snatchings

    190

    141

    197

    112

    Burglaries

    2168

    1458

    1749

    1532

  2. The police authorities claim that crimes have come down in 1980 and that the law and order position in the city is showing no signs of improvement. Analyse the above table and give your conclusions. 10

  3. The following table gives product of labour (in units of wheat) per square km of land: 10. Examine the below table. Assuming that land is of the same type, labour is equal in efficiency and the inputs (e. g. Type of implements, fertilisers, needs, etc.) are the same, set out briefly your conclusions in regard to the most economical number of men to be used. Why does productivity decrease though units of labour employed go on increasing? 15

    Number of men per sq km

    Total output per sq km

    average product per man

    1

    50

    50

    2

    164

    82

    3

    285

    95

    4

    400

    100

    5

    500

    100

    6

    576

    96

    7

    630

    90

    8

    656

    82

    9

    656

    73

    10

    640

    64

  4. Represent graphically the data given below about the production of food grains in a certain region and draw some broad conclusions thereafter. 15 Note that the production is in million tonnes.

    Year

    Rice

    Wheat

    Other Cereals

    1972 − 73

    39.6

    24.7

    33.0

    1974 − 75

    NA

    21.8

    39.0

    1976 − 77

    NA

    28.9

    43.4

    1978 − 79

    NA

    31.3

    41.6

  5. Shri X had invest Rs. 10, 000 as fixed deposit for three years. With choice of investment in two companies namely ABC and PQR both of equal repute and standing. Both of them had declared dividends of 12 to 15% during the last three years. PQR offers 15% p. a. Simpel interest and ABC 13.5% p. a compound interest. In which company would you advise Shri X to invest, assuming than income tax and other personal considerations do not affect the investment decision? Show how your suggestion gives Shri X greater advantage on the whole. 10

Civil Service Exam (Main) Previous (Past) Paper 1980-General Studies Paper II