Geography IAS Mains 2011 Paper II

Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English

Answer must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates should attempt Questions Nos. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section.

The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.

Illustrate your answers with suitable sketch-maps and diagrams, where considered required.

An outline map of India is attached to this question paper for answering Question No. 1 This map is to be carefully detached from the question paper and attached securely to the answer book by the candidate.


  1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of All of the following for which 1 (One) mark is given to each correct entry. Write in your answer script the significant geo-graphical relevance or strategic importance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry. Four (4) marks are allotted for each write-up of these correctly marked locations. 5 × 12 = 60

    1. Badami

    2. Mandvi

    3. Dodital

    4. Yanam

    5. Netarhat

    6. Shamsabad

    7. Lakshmantirath River

    8. Bara-Lacha La

    9. Kakolat Fall

    10. Singrauli

    11. Dafla Hills

    12. Tree Island

  2. Present a comparative analysis of the regimes of Himalayan and Peninsular rivers of India and examine their implications in the irrigation system of the country. 60

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Identify the major biosphere reserves of India and discuss their role in the conservation of forest and wildlife. 30

    2. Give an account of potentiality and prospects of development of marine resources of India. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the potentiality and status of aqua-culture in the Ganga Plain. 30

    2. Assess the scope and development of Pharmaceutical Industry in India. 30


  1. Write about the following in about 200 words each: 15 × 4 = 60

    1. Prospects of Rainbow Revolution in India.

    2. Karewa Deposits and their economic significance.

    3. Impact of land tenure on agriculture productivity in India.

    4. Agro-forestry in India.

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Assess the growing importance of air transport in India and examine its role in the regional development of the country. 30

    2. Discuss the spatital pattern of intra-regional migration in India and examine its implications in regional development. 30

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Differentiate between conurbations and metropolitan regions. Give a reasoned account of emerging conurbations in India. 30

    2. Identify the ravine-affected areas in India and discuss the environmental and economic impacts of their reclamation. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the problems of environmental degradation generated by urban wastes in India. 30

    2. Analyse the causes of desertification in India. Represent the desertified areas of the country on a sketch map and suggest remedial measures to control it. 30