IAS Mains Law Papers 2004

IAS Mains Law Science 2004


Section A

  1. Answer any three of the following (each answer should be in about 200 words): (deviations in the working of the Constitution of India. Constitution. 20 constitutional provisions. 20 Satpal Vs. State of Hariyana 2000) Commission B R Kapur Vs. State and which has been subject of criticism. What reforms, if any, will you suggest in this regard? 30

    1. Federalism has in recent years, witnessed a change-from the dogmatic to dynamic-approach. Discuss the changing approach and point out the main 20

    2. “Liberty of Press consists in laying no prior restraints upon publications and not in freedom from censure for matters when published.” Explain and indicate how far this liberty of Press is protected under the Indian

    3. “The extensive use of the device of reasonable classification by State and its approval by the Supreme Court has rendered the guarantee of fair and equitable treatment under Article 14 largely illusory.” Discuss making clear the constitutional and popular concepts of right to equality in India. 20

    4. What is Judicial activism? In this context evaluate the contribution of the

    Supreme Court of India, which is empowered to act as the guardian of the

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. The pardoning power of the Governor is not immuned from Judicial review Examine this statement in the light of the case of Sa

    2. Examine in detail the provisions of the Constitution regarding appointment of

    Judges of the Supreme Court of India. Is it necessary to constitute a Commis sion to review and reform the prevailing provisions of the Constitution in this regard? Give reasons.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. “The Supreme Court of India has extended theory of basic structure of the Constitution to the constitutional morality in the case of Tamil Nadu (200l),” Explain.

    2. What are the grounds, duration and consequencesof the Proclamation issued by the President of India pertaining to the failure of constitutional machinery in States? Is such a Proclamation justiciable?

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. “Parliamentary privileges is an essential incident to the high and multifarious functions which the legislature is called upon to perform.” Discuss the position under the Constitution of India. Will you suggest reforms, if any, in the existing position?

    2. Explain the form of the Government that the Constitution of India has adopted

Section B

  1. Answer any three of the following (each answer should be in about 200 words):

    1. “The controversy whether International law is law or not is meaningless because, in fact, it is law and is generally obeyed.” Highlight the views of prominent writers about the above statement. 20

    2. “The General Assembly has become more powerful than the Security Council of the United Nations.” Do you agree with this view? Give reasons. 20

    3. Explain the forcible methods of settlement of international disputes. 20

    4. Explain the scope of the concept of freedom of the High Seas and discuss also the legality of nuclear tests in the areas of High Sea. 20 murder in a neighbouring state? Give reasons. Vienna Convention. Development (WS. S. D. August, 2002) 30 30

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the principles on which the extradition of a fugitive offender is based. Is a state liable to extradite an offender, who has been accused of a political 30

    2. Explain Jus cogens. Examine critically the Articles on Jus cogens 30

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. “The Law of Sea Convention 1982, does not bestow on landlocked states any definite right of transit.” Do you agree with this statement? Give reasons. 30

    2. Assess the contribution of the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable and New Delhi 8th Conference of the Parties (COP-8 October, 2002) in combating climate change. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the jurisdiction of International Court of Justice. Who will decide as to whether the Court has jurisdiction or not?

    2. “The granting of recognition to a new state is not constitutive but a declaratory act.” Do you agree with this view? Discuss the theories of recognition and state which theory is correct in your view.

Paper II

Section A

  1. Answer any three of the following (answer to each question must not exceed 200 words). Support your answer with legal provisions and decided cases: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. The constitutional validity of Section 124A of Indian Penal Code was questioned in Kedar Nath Singh on the ground of the provision of the section contentions and give reasons for or against the decision in the said case. Property. Above statement. If any, has been committed in the following cases: 10 × 6 = 60

    2. A soldier A with the commandments of law.

    3. A sees B commit what appears to A B in order to bring B B was acting in self-defence.

    4. A A picks it up:

    5. A cuts down a tree on Bs tree out of Bs

    6. A B sufficient in the ordinary course of

    7. A one of them.

  2. Referring to relevant legal provisions, and decided cases, point out what offence, fires on a mob by the order of his superior officer in conformity to be a murder, in good faith seizes before the proper authorities. Later on, it turns out that finds a ring on the highway not in the possession of anyone person. Ground with the intention of dishonestly taking the possession without Bs consent. Intentionally gives a sword cut to nature to cause death. Dies in consequence. Without any excuse, fires a loaded pistol into a crowd of persons and kills

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the law relating to commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of property. When does the right of private defence of property extend to the causing of death?

    2. Discuss the jurisdiction of various authorities under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 for the settlement of disputes.

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. In assessing damages, the law takes an account of certain consequences but considers only proximate consequences. State the test by which the remoteness of consequences is determined by the courts for this purpose. Refer to judicial pronouncements.

    2. Critically examine the provisions of The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955.

Section B

  1. Answer any three of the following (answer to each question must not exceed 200 words): 20 × 3 = 60.

    1. Whether an agreement without consideration is void? Discuss the rule with exceptions, if any.

    2. The strict adherence to the theoretical consideration that a contract made under mistake as to the identity of parties or identity of the subject matter is void, would lead to absurd result. Do you, agree with this statement? Give reasons.

    3. “The contract of sale is consensual and bilateral.” Discuss. How does Sale differ from Hire Purchase Agreement? agree with this statement? Give reasons. With decided cases. 30 of forged indorsement. Give reasons. 30

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Critically examine the principle of party. 30

    2. “In determining whether a group of persons is or is not a firm, or whether a person is or is not a partner in a firm, regard shall be had to the real relations between the parties as shown by all the relevant facts taken together.” Do you

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Distinguish between Holder and Holder in due Course. Support your answer

    2. What are various kinds of Indorsement recognised by law? Discuss the effect highlighting its exceptions in the light of statutory provisions and judicial pronouncements. 30

    3. Discuss the consequences of non-registration of partnership firm. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the scope of Section 70 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872. Can a State recover cost of training on failure of the defendant to join the service? 30

    2. “In a standard form contract, it is likely. That the party having stronger bargaining power may insert such exemption clauses in the contract that his duty to perform the main contractual obligation is thereby negatived” Explain, and discuss the various rules which have been evolved to protect the weaker