Medical Sciences: IAS Mains: 2006

Paper-I

Section A

  1. Attempt any three of the following: (3 × 20 = 60)

    1. Describe the development of FACE with the help of a diagram. Mention the anomalies associated with it.

    2. Describe the gross anatomy of caecum and vermiform appendix. Add a brief note on its applied anatomy.

    3. List the features of cerebellar lesions and their physiological basis.

    4. The protein molecular ultimately needed by a cell often differs from the polypeptide chain synthesised. How is the chain modified to impart biological activity? Describe with suitable examples.

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Give an account of blood supply of heart. Add a brief note on its applied anatomy (20).

    2. What is accommodation of eye? How is the eye accommodated for near vision? Why does a person start having difficulty in reading after the age of 40 years though the visual acuity is 6/6 (20)?

    3. Describe the lymphatic drainage of Mammary Gland (Breast). Give an account of its applied anatomy (20).

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Name the hormones of posterior pituitary and their function. What will happen in the deficiency of them (20)?

    2. Describe normal menstruation. Why is it absent during the first few months of lactation (20)?

    3. What will be the consequences if a Rh-ve mother carries a Rh + ve fetus and how can they be prevented (20)?

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Enumerate with suitable examples vitamin coenzymes involved in oxidation-reduction reactions. Describe at least three vitamers (20).

    2. Define sinus arrythmia. How is it produced and what is its clinical significance (20)?

    3. Non-essential amino acid tyrosine is formed from phenylalanine. How does the conversion take place and how is tyrosine utilised for the formation of hormones (30)?

Section B

  1. Answer any three of the following: (3 × 20 = 60)

    1. What is carcinogenesis? Classify carcinogens. Write in short about important carcinogens.

    2. Name various methods of acquisition of new genes in bacteria. Discuss in detail mechanism of drug resistance in bacteria.

    3. Describe drug-receptor interactions. Discuss G-protein coupled receptor mediated actions of drugs with suitable examples.

    4. How will you determine the rarjge of a firearm in case of fire from a shotgun?

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Describe aetiopathogcnesis of glomerulonephritis in brief. Describe different types of glomerulonephritis in short (20).

    2. Discuss virus-host cell interactions and immunity in infection caused by viruses (20).

    3. Name various parasites causing anaemia. Discuss morphology, life cycle, pathogenicity and laboratory diagnosis of Ancylostonm duodende (20).

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Give examples of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Mention the advantages and adverse effects of selective COX-2 inhibitors as anti-inflammatory agents (20).

    2. Discuss the therapeutic applications of immunosuppressive therapy. Compare the actions of cyclosporine with glucocorticoids as immunosuppressive drug (20).

    3. Discuss the mechanism of action and therapeutic uses of calcium channel blockers. Mention the advantages of dihydropyridines in the treatment of angina pectoris (20).

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. How do you determine the-extent of burn? What is the difference between ante-mortem and postmortem burns (20)?

    2. How can you differentiate between hanging and strangulation? Discuss in detail (20).

    3. Discuss in detail various examinations done in the laboratory to identify a blood stain (20).

Paper-II

Section A

(General Medicine, Paediatrics and Dermatology)

  1. Answer any three of the following: (20 × 3 = 60)

    1. Define metabolic syndrome. Mention the names of diseases which individuals with metabolic syndrome are susceptible to. Indicate the measures to overcome this problem.

    2. A 12 year old child has been brought to emergency with high fever of 2 weeks duration, abdominal discomfort and bleeding per rectum. Indicate the differential diagnosis and list of investigations.

    3. Name important causes of CHF in a child. How would you investigate a child with systolic murmur at apex.

    4. Classify Hansen's disease. Mention salient features of tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy. How would you treat multi drug resistant leprosy?

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Mention the diseases caused by chronic smoking. A 60 year old male, a chronic smoker develops severe cough, dyspnoea and swelling in feet. Name the differential diagnosis and approach to this case (4 + 8 + 8).

    2. A 30 year old female has been brought in an unconscious state with pin point pupil. Discuss the differential diagnosis of this case. How would you proceed to achieve the correct diagnosis (10 + 10)?

    3. A 50 year old chronic alcoholic truck driver has developed severe haematemesis. Indicate the diagnostic possibilities. How would you manage this case (10 + 10)?

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. An 8 year old child was brought with acute onset dyspnoea and found to have continuous murmur in left parasternal region. Discuss the differential diagnosis of this child. Name few important investigations (15 + 5).

    2. A 6 year old boy has come to paediatric emergency with high fever, bleeding gums, epistaxis and rashes over the leg. Discuss the probable diagnosis and management (10 + 10).

    3. Mention five characteristic fades observed in a child, describe facies of a child born from an untreated hypothyroid mother. What drug you will prescribe to this child (10 + 5 + 5)?

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Mention common dermatological lesions associated with AIDS (20)?

    2. Enumerate various skin complications of diabetes. What is diabetic foot? Briefly mention its pathophysiology (10 + 5 + 5).

    3. Mention cutaneous manifestations of tuberculosis. Describe lupus vulgaris (5 + 15).

Section B

(General surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology including family planning and preventive and social medicine)

  1. Answer any three of the following:

    1. Write short notes on:

      1. Perinephric Abscess (10)

      2. Colles Fracture (10)

    2. A 14 year old girl presents with pain in the right iliacfossa with vomiting. What is the differential diagnosis? How will you reach the diagnosis and treat her? Describe the steps of appendicectomy (20).

    3. Write short note on Partographic management of labour (20).

    4. What are the signs and symptoms of Lathyrism? Discuss them very briefly (20).

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. How will you investigate a case of Solitary Thyroid Nodule? outline the differential diagnosis and the plan of management (20).

    2. What are the causes of liver abscess? Discuss their clinical presentation. How will you investigate and manage them (20)?

    3. Describe the clinical features of ulcerative colitis. Enumerate its complications and outline the plan of management (20).

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. How would you manage a case of bleeding pervaginum with pain abdomen at 8 weeks of gestation (20)?

    2. Describe the causes of anaemia in pregnancy. How would you manage a case of Dimorphic anaemia in Pregnancy (20).

    3. Write short note on merits and demerits of Hormonal Contraception (20).

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. List the salient reasons for resurgence of Malaria: (30)

    2. Discuss the diagnosis and treatment of Malignant Malaria (20).