IAS Mains Philosophy Papers 1980

IAS Mains Philosophy 1980

Paper I

Section A

  1. Discuss briefly the points of controversy between Idealism and Realism.

  2. Explain the distinctive features of empiricism as a theory of knowledge. Is Locke a consistent empiricist?

  3. What, according to the Logical Positivists, is the nature of philosophy? Answer critically.

  4. Discuss briefly the central theses of Phenomenology.

  5. Is existence prior to essence? Answer with reference to existentialism.

Section B

  1. Is perception the only source of knowledge? Answer with reference to Carvaka

  2. Explain and examine the Nyaya view of Vyapti.

  3. Discuss briefly the Samkhya view of the plurality of pursue.

  4. Compare Samaras view of Brahman with Ramanujas

  5. Write notes on any two of the following:

    1. Sabda

    2. Nirvikalpa pratyaksa

    3. Avidya

    4. Jiva

Paper II

Section A

  1. Bring out the nature of Philosophy 50 as to distinguish from Science.

  2. Examine how far Democracy and Socialism can go together.

  3. Discuss the merits and demerits of Sarvodaya as a way of life.

  4. Explain Communism as a political ideology and discuss whether it could be realized through constitutional methods.

  5. Write critical notes on any two of the following:

    1. The constituents of Culture

    2. State and Religion

    3. Satyagraha

    4. Fascism

Section B

  1. What is Religion? Determine its role in the individual and social life.

  2. Examine the nature and validity of mystical experience.

  3. Can the existence of God be proved? Discuss.

  4. A comparative study of religious shows that they are both equal and unequal in some respects. Comment.

  5. Write critical notes on any two of the following:

    1. Castes and Classes

    2. Tradition and Modernity

    3. Revelation

    4. The Concept of Liberation