IAS Mains Philosophy Papers 2004

IAS Mains Philosophy 2004

Paper I

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. “I think therefore I am”

    2. Humes views on Induction

    3. The significance of Kants distinction between phenomena and neumena

    4. Distinction between saying and showing

  2. State and discuss Platos theory of forms. 60

  3. Critically discuss Moores Refutation of Idealism. 60

  4. Discuss Sartres conception of freedom. 60

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Dehatmavada of Carvakas

    2. Nature and kinds of Nirvana

    3. Nature and kinds of anumanas according to Nyaya

    4. Madhvas conception of moksa

  2. State and discuss the Buddhist notion of momen tariness. 60

  3. State and discuss the Jaina doctrine of jiva. 60

  4. Why is Ramanujas philosophy called Visistadvaita? Discuss fully. 60

Paper II

Section A

  1. Write critical notes on any three of the following in not mare than 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. “Gender equality can be realized only within a socialist regime.”

    2. “The concept of democracy is an essential contested concept.”

    3. “No account of human nature can provide asecure foundation for political philosophy.”

    4. “Unless the ideal of equality is embedded withina broader theory. Of politics and society, it can be given no specific content.”

  2. Discuss the notion of punishment. Consider in this context the importance and implications of the principle of proportionality of punishment, which requires that the severity of punishment be proportionate to the seriousness of the crime. 60

  3. What do you understand by the philosophy of ecology? In this context, discuss its main concerns. 60

  4. Despite their self-proclaimed commitment to the ideal of individual freedom, this ideal is one of the most contentious issues between socialism and liberalism. Why? Discuss. 60

Section B

  1. Write critical notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. “If God is omniscient, then humans are not free.”

    2. “Secular ethics cannot satisfactorily answer the question, Why should I be moral all the time?”

    3. “Mans ultimate concern must be expressed symbolically, because symbolic language alone is able to express the ultimate.” -Paul Tillich

    4. Relation between religion and salvation.

  2. Describe the problem of evil. Some theologians I utilize the free-will argument to resolve this problem. How? Discuss. 60

  3. Some theists question the relevancy of proofs and arguments for theistic beliefs. Believers, in their view, are not irrational for want of proof for their belief in I God, because proofs are neither necessary nor sufficient 1 for religious life. Would you agree with such a view? Discuss. 60

  4. What is the central issue in the debate between religious pluralists and religious exclusivists? Discuss in this context the arguments they advance in support of their views. 60