IAS Mains Philosophy 2009

Paper-I

Section A

  1. Comments short notes on any THREE of the following in not more than 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Interactionism in the philosophical context.

    2. The rational is real and real is rational. Comment.

    3. To be is to be perceived Discuss.

    4. Existence precedes essence Comment.

  2. Answer the questions below

    1. Compare the views of Leibniz and Hume on the concept of substance. 30

    2. Examine how Ayer eliminates metaphysics. 30

  3. Answer the questions below

    1. What are Quines objections with regard to the verification theory of meaning? 30

    2. Compare the view of Spinoza and Sartre on Freedom. 30

  4. Comment on each of the following in about 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Platos analogy of the cave and its significance in his theory of knowledge.

    2. Kants objections against the ontological argument for the existence of God.

    3. Descares mind body dualism and Strawsons response to it.

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Anekantavada

    2. Adhyasa

    3. Hetvabhasa according to Nyaya

    4. Conception of Kaivalya according to yoga.

  2. Compare Aristotles view regarding causation with that of the Samkhya Schools view of causation. 60

  3. Compare the view points of Nyaya, Vaisesika, Mimansha and Buddhism on the issue of knowledge of abhava. 60

  4. Compare Patanjalis Yoga with Integral Yoga expound by Aurobindo bringing out clearly points of similarity and dissimilarity. 60

Paper II

Section A

  1. Comments short notes on any THREE of the following in not more than 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Define Monarchy. Is it ethically justified?

    2. You are not punished for stealing the sheep, but you are punished so that no sheep is stolen, Discuss as to which theory of punishment the statement belongs.

    3. Compare Bodins and Austins views on sovereignty.

    4. Rights and duties are complementary. Explain.

  2. Answer the questions below

    1. Is Theology an outdated ideology? Discuss. 30

    2. Is Secularism analogous to Atheism? Examine in the Indian context. 30

  3. Answer the questions below

    1. Comment on the relationship between equality and Freedom. 30

    2. Is capital punishment, in your view, ethically justified? 30

  4. Examine the Land and Property Rights of women in India. How far do they contribute to empower women? 60

Section B

  1. Answer any three of the following in not more than 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Critically examine the Causal argument as a proof for the existence of God.

    2. If evils and sufferings are the real experiences of individual selves, what role do they play in realizing self transcendence?

    3. Explain the nature of religious experience. Can this experience be validated?

    4. Is religious language symbolic? Discuss.

  2. Answer the questions below

    1. Analyse the Teleological argument as a proof for existence of God. 30

    2. Examine why Man has a desire for Immorality. 30

  3. Comment on the following statements: 30 × 2 = 60

    1. To be Man is to Strive to be God.

    2. There are no whole truths; all truths are half truths. It is trying to treat them as whole truths that plays the devils.

  4. Answer the questions below

    1. Can the God of Religion be identified with the Absolute of Philosophy? 30

    2. Comment on the statement that Religion only promised but never fulfilled the promise. 30