IAS Mains Political Science Papers 1981

IAS Mains Political Science 1981

Paper I

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. Until philosophers are kings, or the kings and princes of the world have the spirit and power of philosophy, critics will never have rest from their evils, no, nor the human race (Plato).

    2. Some men are by nature free, and others slave (Aristotle).

    3. Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure (Bentham).

    4. Leninism is Marxism of the era of imperialist wars and protelarian revolution (Stalin).

  2. How far and in what respects is behaviouralism an improvement upon the traditional approach to the study of politics? Account for the post behavioural revolution.

  3. Account for the reaction against the Austinian concept of sovereignty. Should it be expunged from the vocabulary of political science? Give reasons.

  4. Social justice is not reconcilable with the right to property. Comment

Section B

  1. Comment on any three of the following in about. 200 words each:

    1. India has political parties but no party system

    2. The Slates are, under the constitution, no better or different from glorified municipalities.

    3. Secularism is only a half-realized ideal in India.

    4. Gokhale was a moderate but Tilak was an extremist.

  2. How far and in what ways have Casteism and Regionalism adversely affected the process of political socialization and development in India?

  3. The emphasis in the Indian Constitution is on the authority of the State rather on the liberty of the individual. Discuss with reference to the nature and scope of the rights guaranteed to the Indian citizens.

  4. The powers and influence of the Cabinet have increased, are increasing and ought to be diminished. Discuss.

Paper II

  1. Discuss the role of geography as a basic determinant of Indias foreign policy. Or Examine the important changes that have taken place in Indias strategic environment in recent years and discuss their implications for its foreign policy.

  2. Write on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. The individuals-as-actors approach to inter national politics.

    2. Open diplomacy.

    3. The Brezhnev Doctrine (1968).

    4. Iran-Iraq war.

Section A

  1. [The] theoretical concern with human nature as it actually is, and with the historic processes as they actually take place, has earned for the theory… The name of realism (Hans J. Morgenthan) In the light of this statement examine Morgenthans realist theory of international politics.

  2. International law functions… As an institutional device for communicating to the policy makers of various states a consensus on the nature of the international system. Elucidate.

  3. One of the main objectives of the non-alignment movement in the economic sphere in recent years has been to work for the achievement of a New International Economic Order. Discuss.

Section B

  1. Discuss the significance of the recent developments in Afghanistan from a global perspective, regional considerations and the point of view of Indias foreign policy.

  2. Examine the impact of the economics and politics of oil on international relations with special reference to the developing countries

  3. Examine briefly the various stages in the evolution of the policy of the United States of America towards South East Asia after 1954.