IAS Mains Political Science Papers 1991

IAS Mains Political Science 1991

Paper I

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. The aims persued by revolutionaries, like the origins of revolution, are the same in tyrannies and kingships as they are under regularConstitutions (Aristotle).

    2. The relation ____ of the state and its parts to tranquility will be seen to be similar to the relation of the animal and its parts to health (Marsinglia of Padua).

    3. The condition of human life, which required labour and materials to work on, necessarily introduces private possessions (John Locke).

    4. The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual problems of life (Karl Marx).

  2. Political Science is a master-science, architectonic in its character, from which all other practical sciences take their cue (Ernest Barker). Discuss.

  3. Discuss the Normative and Behavioural Approaches to the study of political science and examine the limitations of Behavioural Approach.

  4. ____ the existence of Liberty depends upon our willingness to build the foundations of society upon the basis of rational justice and to adjust them to changing conditions in terms of reasoned discussion and not violence (Harold J. Laski). Discuss

Section B

  1. Comment on any THREE of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. Lenins theory of Democratic Centralism.

    2. Spiritual nationalism of Aurobindo Ghosh.

    3. Jawaharlal Nehru on Socialism and Secularism

    4. Agents of political socialisation.

  2. Community and Caste still threaten social harmony and political peace in India. Discuss

  3. The role of the Indian Judiciary in recent years has been one of dynamic judicial activism. Elucidate.

  4. Planning has superseded the federation and our country is functioning almost like a unitary system in many respects. In the light of the statement, examine the recent trends in Indian Federalism.

Paper II

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. G − 77

    2. International Court of Justice

    3. Pax Americana

    4. Neo-colonialism

  2. How far has interdependence among states undermined sovereignty?

  3. Examine the main assumptions of the Realist theory.

  4. The UN has done well but not well enough. Comment

Section B

  1. Comment on any THREE of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. Impact on Nuclear Weapons on international relations.

    2. Indus water Treaty

    3. Perestroika

    4. Racialism in South Africa.

  2. Discuss with reference to the USA, how domestic factors influence the foreign policy of the country.

  3. Present a critique of Indias foreign policy

  4. Examine the problems and prospects of South-South economic cooperation.