IAS Mains Psychology 2016 Expected Questions

  1. Critically evaluate stage Vs process models of memory with relevant examples.

  2. Describe the interacting systems of memory in information processing approach.

  3. Is forgetting a necessary aspect of learning process? Justify with relevant examples.

  4. Elaborate on role of extinction in long term memory.

  5. How does behavioristic interpretation of problem solving differ from gestalt view?

  6. Describe facilitative and fixating effects of set in problem solving.

  7. Enumerate different strategies of concept formation in children.

  8. Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning. Why do scientists prefer inductive reasoning?

  9. Compare model of fluid and crystalized intelligence with Spearman’s 2 factor theory.

  10. Compare ‘multi factor’ theory of intelligence with that of ‘multiple intelligence’ theory

  11. Describe PASS model of intelligence and show the grounds on which it has challenged the ‘g’ theory

  12. What specific role does social intelligence play in human resource management

  13. How is intelligence different from aptitude?

  14. What is emotional intelligence? What are its applications in our day to day life?

  15. How are intelligence and creativity interrelated?

  16. Which concept is more relevant in explaining individual differences – IQ or EQ? Substantiate your answer with relevant examples.

  17. Write briefly the nature and development of intelligence.

  18. Describe various patterns of attribution used by an individual in his social interaction.

  19. Can attitude be changed? Enumerate the factors that enhance or inhibit this process

  20. Explain the role of dissonance arousal in prejudice.

  21. What do you understand by attitudes, values and interests? Trace the link between them with examples.

  22. Explain the characteristics of the source of message that strongly affects ones response to an attempt at changing attitudes.

  23. Explain the role of mental set and heuristics in attitude formation and attitude change.

  24. Analyse the process of communication and discuss the various strategies for making communication more effective.

  25. Describe the main factors responsible for effective persuasive communication.

  26. Describe various ways in which one can use IT and mass media to inculcate the values of hygiene and swatch bharat.

  27. What do you understand by information overload? Discuss various psychological factors involved in information management

  28. Discuss the role of mass media in affecting the psyche of people. Give examples to support your ans.

  29. Explain w.r.t deprivation, nature vs nurture theory?(200 words)

  30. What is reminiscence? Is it a fact or misnomer? Support your Ans with case studies.(250 words)

  31. Discuss level of processing information for long term usage?(200 words)

  32. Critically examine distance education in light of mass media and IT. Comment on role of psychologists in this regard.

  33. Discuss the psychological consequences of recent developments in IT, wrt social and cognitive development

  34. Pathology of prejudice is just a small part of story of prejudice. Comment.

  35. Discuss major steps to achieve social integration.

  36. What are the psychological concepts associated with self-fulfilling prophecy?

  37. Write a short note on the role of community psychology in bringing about a social change and foster communal harmony in India.

  38. Show conceptual relationship between social change and organizational change.

  39. What is interaction process analysis? How does it measure group behaviour?

  40. What are the implications of organizational and humanistic man models for behavior change?

  41. Behaviorism was a necessary protest, but it hit beyond the mark. Discuss.

  42. Explain the factorial approach to study personality.

  43. citing relevant examples, describe extra sensory perception

  44. What is the difference b/w altered state of consciousness through meditation and hypnotic trance?

  45. What is the basic difference b/w experimental and correlational methods of psychology?

  46. Analyze salient features of a laboratory experiment design.

  47. Describe case history method and its importance in clinical diagnosis.

  48. Explain the usefulness of interview as a method of data collection. State precautions that you would take for its effective use

  49. What can be done to move from correlational inferences to causal inferences?

  50. Explain theory testing vs. theory developing research

  51. What do you understand by national character and how is it developed? Is it a valid concept? Examine. (200 words)

  52. Suggest some rehabilitation methods for the people who are victim of Natural disasters (flood, earthquake etc.)? (250 words)

  53. Attitude can be changed but values are permanent. Comment. (250 Words)

  54. What is perception? Is it critical variable in human interaction? Illustrate your answer. (250 Words)

  55. What is signal detection theory (SDT)? How it differs from psycho physics? Discuss. (250 Words)

  56. Biological and cultural transmission goes hand in hand in determining human behavior. Comment (200 words)

  57. How to identify gifted and mentally retarded students? Should they be taught in same mainstream school? Discuss (250 words)

  58. Explain what do you mean by psychological warfare ?(200 words)

  59. What is the Binary Gender System? Discuss the Challenges of managing Gender bias in India?

  60. Explain what do you mean by Abnormal Psychology?

  61. Evaluate the foundations of Indian psychology?

  62. How is psychology used in understanding political behaviors? Discuss (250 Words)

  63. Evaluate the contribution of forensic psychology? (250 Words)

  64. What is EQ? Discuss its applications and method used to determine it?

  65. Sensation, attention and perception are different elements of same process called cognition. Comment

  66. You are the principal of a school. You want to improve your college reputation. What psychological measures will you undertake?

  67. Evaluate how Hormones determine human behavior? (250 Words)

  68. How does brain meditate between phenotype and genotype for psychological characteristics? (250 Words)

  69. What is Psycho pharmacology? Discuss its applications. (250 Words)

  70. Write a short note (150 words)

    1. Extrasensory perception

    2. Subliminal perception

  71. Explain w.r.t deprivation, nature vs nurture theory?(200 words)

  72. What is reminiscence? Is it a fact or misnomer? Support your Ans with case studies.(250 words)

  73. Discuss level of processing information for long term usage?(200 words)

  74. Thought is must if language is to be understood. Comment (200 words)

  75. How emotion and motivation control human behavior? Explain (250 words)

  76. Creativity and Intelligence go hand in hand. Comment (200 words)

  77. How fluid intelligence differ from crystallized intelligence? Discuss. (200 Words)

  78. Compare and contrast Piaget and Vygotsky’s approaches to cognitive development and evaluate their significance in the field of education.

  79. Intelligence increases with age but IQ remains constant. Discuss.

  80. What is prejudice? How personality is related to it? Discuss.

  81. What is man-machine system in the context of human engineering? Highlight the applications of human engineering in defense with reference to equipment design?

  82. Which psychological measures can be used to reduce terrorism?

  83. “It’s not always easy to distinguish between punishment and negative reinforcement”. Comment

  84. What is achievement motivation? Create achievement motivation plan for rural people. (150 Words)

  85. How psychological principles can be used to conserve electricity? Develop a plan. (150 Words)

  86. Is personality consistent? Support by relevant studies.

  87. Describe the specific sociocultural deprivation of tribal’s in India as socially and culturally disadvantage group? How can psychology help them?

  88. Discuss the Psychological Consequences of recent developments in IT.

  89. Explain Plasticity of perception.

  90. Evaluate the applications of psychology to societal problems?(250 words)

  91. How will you select and train psychology professionals in the field of I.T and Mass media? Make a plan (250 words)

  92. From psychological perspective, discuss the impact of scientific and technological growth on environment?(200 words)

  93. Discuss what do you mean by evolutionary psychology and its present relevance. (250 Words)

  94. Everything psychological is, ultimately biological. Comment (250 Words)

  95. Can Attitude be called “Energy Saving devices?” Explain. (150 words)

  96. Discuss the parts of brain involve in storing and recalling information. (250 Words)

  97. Emotion is cognitive interpretation of psychological response. Comment (250 Words)

  98. Discuss the role of heuristics in reasoning. (150 words)

  99. Discuss the concept of N-Ach and different methods which have been used to measure it. (200 words)

  100. What is REM sleep and how is it related to dreaming ?(150 words)

  101. He History of psychology show ‘mind-body’ approach as one of the popular ways of explaining behavior. Discuss how this is being revisited in modern psychology.(200 words)

  102. What, in your view, are the psychological problems that physically challenge people are more prone to? (200 words)

  103. Innate and experience factors play crucial role in perception. Comment. (150 words)

  104. What is person perception and perceptual defense? Is it a critical variable in human interaction? Illustrate(200 words)

  105. What is consciousness? Discuss the altered states of consciousness which are produce by hypnosis, drug and meditation? (250 words)

  106. Discuss the effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions.(200 words)

  107. “Dream is guardian of sleep”. Comment (150 words)

  108. Evaluate the efficacy of behavior therapy in the treatment of alcoholism and drug addiction (150 words)

  109. In the long run, EQ (emotional quotient) trumps IQ (intelligence quotient). Comment (150 words)

  110. Discuss the ways in which Psychology can help us to Live a Better Life. (150 words)

  111. Drug addiction is claimed as a threat to our country. State its cause and remedy (200 words)

  112. The multifarious problems of aged persons have posed a great challenge to the society and our country. Suggest a program for their all-round rehabilitation. (200 words)

  113. Victims of anxieties and depressions do present a common sight to everyday life. Point out the difference in them and elucidate their etiology and the remedial measures to be adopted to treat these two maladies. (200 words)

  114. Discuss the relationship between Culture and Personality? (150 words)

  115. Critically examine the effect of Communication on the people of rural India. (200 words)

  116. Positive mental health serves as a powerful factor against mental illness. Discuss (150 words)

  117. Explain the relationship between homelessness and mental illness?(150 words)

  118. Discuss the relation between priming and procedural memory? (150 words)

  119. How the Schedules of reinforcement determine human behaviour? Explain. (200 words)

  120. ‘An individual is the product of heredity interacting with cooperating environment operating at the appropriate time of maturation.’ Discuss this statement, quoting the findings of some experimental studies in this area. (200 words)

  121. ‘We perceive what we want, and not what it is’ Examine the truth of this statement, pointing out especially the motivational factors determining perception and substantiating your answer with some research findings. (200 words)

  122. Do you agree with the view that mal-adjustment to home is the single major factor for juvenile delinquency? Cite supporting evidence. Suggest treatment and remedial measures of juvenile delinquency. (200 words)

  123. How do you genetically explain the differences among children of even same parents?(150 Words)

  124. Must all tests be valid? Explain the conditions in which a test could have low validity without prejudice to its utility .(200 Words)

  125. Discuss the role of Psychology in personnel selection in industry. Does proper selection ensure productivity as well as job satisfaction of the workers? (200 Words)

  126. Explain Guildford’s model of human intellect and point out its contribution to our understanding of creativity (200 Words)

  127. Modern Psychology has outlived the schools’ Explain with reference to the current trends in modern psychological research and the recent counterparts of the schools in psychological theory and applications. (200 Words)

  128. ‘Modem community psychiatry emphasizes the importance of the social environment in determining and changing human behaviour.’ Explain with reference to current trends in preventive psychiatric treatment. (200 Words)

  129. There is no single theory of vision which attempts to account for all the visual phenomena-Discuss with experimental evidence (200 Words)

  130. Current trends in family therapy, group therapy and the encounter movement have opened up new horizons in community psychiatry. Comment. (200 Words)

  131. Elucidating the concepts of need, drive and incentive, discuss the problems involved in measuring motives in human beings (200 Words)

  132. ‘We see things as we are, not as things are.’ Elaborate the various implications of this statement. (200 Words)

  133. Describe the problem of learning disabilities of socially disadvantaged children. What concrete steps can psychology provide? (200 Words)

  134. It is suggested that the biological requirements of man are of much less importance in behavior than are his psychological needs. Examine this point of view. Describe the various psychological needs. (200 Words)

  135. Make as exhaustive a list as possible of current psychotherapeutic techniques. Evaluate Gestalt therapy. (200 Words)

  136. Freudians and the neo-Freudians are similar in approach but differ in points of emphasis. Discuss (200 Words)

  137. Discuss whether mental health is to be considered only as an absence of mental disease. In this context, explain with suitable examples what is meant by psychosomatic diseases. (250 Words)

  138. What can we inherit? Discuss the various difficulties in isolating the hereditary characteristics from the acquired ones, in some crucial cognitive and personality structures? (200 Words)

  139. What do you mean by organizational climate? Is it a unitary or multidimensional concept? How far does the theory of open system help our understanding of organizational climate? (250 Words)

  140. Discuss the nature and complexities of altered states of consciousness which are produced by hypnosis, drug use and meditation (200 Words)

  141. Just putting the test questions in an objective form does not necessarily render the test scientific. Comment, and elucidate the characteristics of a good psychological test. (200 Words)

  142. Point out the main differences in the approaches of Western and Vedantic theories of personality (150 Words)

  143. The same fire which melts butter hardens steel! Explain this phenomenon in the Context of frustration and stress resolution in personality development with examples (200 Words)

  144. Discuss on spiritual psychology?(200 Words)

  145. Analyze the effect of religion on health and wellbeing? (200 Words)

  146. Parents matter less than you think and peers matter more. Critically examine (200 Words)

  147. Explain psychology of emotions w.r.t cultural perspective (200 Words)

  148. What is Autism? Discuss the Psychological Problems face by People have Autism Disorder? (200 words)

  149. “Poverty and economic achievement as a social problem can only be explained from people’s perspective” comment with relevant research studies (250 Words)

  150. Differences between reinforcement and punishment (200 Words)

  151. Is Pavlov’s classical conditioning a S-R or S-S approach? Explain(150 Words)

  152. What psychological concepts explain the increasing communal riots in India? (250 Words)

  153. Explain psychological basis for aggression or violence, with suitable examples. (250 Words)

  154. Comment on the impact of continuous and partial reinforcement schedule. (100 Words)

  155. ‘Pituitary gland is the master gland’. What are the functions of pituitary gland? Examine Wirth respect of given statement. (200 Words)

  156. How far is meditation useful today for therapeutic purpose? Comment. (200 Words)