IAS Mains Public Administration Papers 1987

IAS Mains Public Administration 1987

Paper I

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The law of Graicunas about the span of relationships in an organisation states a partial truth.

    2. Contributions of Meslow and Hertzberg have depended our understanding about the State of morale and motivation of the public servants.

    3. Whitleyism represents a typical British response to Trade Unionism by public servants./

    4. The distinction between line and staff is a distinction without a difference.

  2. Deductive-nomological and inductive-probabilistic approaches dominate new public administration (Marini). Discuss.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Describe the institutional and organizational consequences of delegation of authority.

    2. Scientific Management is a primitive tool for industrial polyarchies (Dahi). Explain.

  4. The first stage (in administrative decision-making) is what I call Intelligence, the second represents Designin and the last stage is Choice. Critically examine the Sirnonian Model of Rational Decision-Making in administration.

Section B

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The financial administration in modern times needs updating administrative cybernetics and Audit reforms.

    2. The Judicial Control over administration operates through a system of writs.

    3. The Droit Administrative violates Diceys basic principles of Rule of Law.

    4. And therefore Modern Civilization has an unprecedented need of Organization

    Development (OD).

  2. Define Public Policy. How does its formulation and implementation involve participation by administrators, voluntary agencies and pressure groups in a democracy?

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Explain Performance Budgeting and illustrate its need and utility in development administration.

    2. Distinguish between administrative development and administration of development. In what way is the former supplementary to the latter in a Prismatic Society?

  4. Critically examine the functions of administrative leadership. What role does communication play in improving the quality of administrative decisions in goal setting and goal getting by public servants?

Paper II

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. It is not possible to maintain that the administrative system, described in Arthashastra was in actual existence during the Mouryan period.

    2. Even though law and order administration is a State subject in the Indian Conmstitution it is paradoxical that the para-military and other kinds of security forces under the Union Government have surgeoned in recent years.

    3. Though the legislature and the executive rule as well as administer, the Civil Servants only administer and do not rule.

    4. The poor performance of Public Undertakings in the Core Sectors of Indian economy has sparked off problems of political accountability and labour participation in management.

  2. Trace the evolution of the system of Public Administration in India from 1858 to 1919, highlighting the major landmarks of this period of administrative history.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Examine the inadequacies of machinery for planning to ensure democratic but depoliticized planning process in Indian federation. How does National Development Council accentuate or inhibit this process?

    2. The objective and methods of higher Civil service training hardly match with the personnel policies and man-power planning by government of India. Discuss.

  4. Discuss the financial and administrative relationships obtaining between the Union and the States in India. Do you think States have been reduced to a position of glorified municipalities?

Section B

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The role of District Collector has changed but not diminished for now he has an additional function of guiding democratic bodies and has to carry conviction with members of these democratic institutions.

    2. The administrative problems of Integrated Rural Development Program include the most fatal but common cold of public administration. The sheer difficulty of doing ordinary things.

    3. The Panchayati Raj bodies do provide an appropriate forum for effecting welfare of Weaker Sections, including the members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes through decisionmaking and programme implementation processes at local level.

    4. Generalism in Civil Service is a powerful bulwark against committed bureaucracy.

  2. What do you understand by Peoples participation in administration? Suggest measures to sensitize administrators to citizens grievances and enlist co-operation from voluntary agencies.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. The role of the Chief Secretary as Principal Co-ordinate in State administration is comparable with that of the Cabinet Secretary in Union Government. Do you agree or not? Give reasons.

    2. What have you to suggest making legislative control over public administration healthy and purposeful?

  4. The public administration perspective of urban areas has primarily been concerned with the problems of their multiple structures and working relationships in the field. Examine the validity of this observation.