IAS Mains Sociology Papers 1991

IAS Mains Sociology 1991

Paper I

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. The problem of objectivity

    2. Social control

    3. Protestant Ethic

    4. Modernisation.

  2. Why does the individual, while becoming more autonomous, depend more upon society (Durkheim.)? How has die author tried to answer this question?

  3. How does Parsons defend die nuclear family in promoting industrialisation? Is his diesis universally valid?

  4. The history of the hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggle. Critically comment on this Marxian thesis.

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Methods of scientific investigation

    2. Functional theory of stratification

    3. Intel-generational mobility

    4. The sacred and the profane.

  2. What is the importance of Mertons Middle Range Theory in sociology? Discuss critically.

  3. What role can the power of unorganised masses play in bringing about social change in a democratic society?

  4. Education is induction into the Learners culture. Examine die statement in society today.

Paper II

Section A

  1. Write notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. Ritual purity and pollution in Hindu Society

    2. Social responsibility of political elites

    3. Bonded-labour

    4. Plural society and secularism

  2. Family jointness still continues unaffected by the differences of religion, caste, urbanization and occupation. Elucidate.

  3. Privatisation of economy can often result in growing special inequalities exploitation and corruption. How far are these fears justified in the Indian context?

  4. Discuss the changes in the structure of power relationships of various castes at die regional levels.

Section B

  1. Write notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The share-croppers movement in India

    2. The demographic transition

    3. TRYSEM-as a measure for rural development

    4. Common Civil Code and status of women

  2. Institutionalised inequality in India has its cultural and economic coordinates. Discuss.

  3. Is legitimacy of key political institutions declining in India? Discuss this issue in die context of the process of nation-building.

  4. Uneven development is the major source of tribal unrest in India. Examine die statement in relation to die movements in tribal India.