IAS Mains Sociology Papers 1996

IAS Mains Sociology 1996

Paper I

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Value-free sociology

    2. Role-Conflict and its resolution

    3. Mode of production

    4. The idea of functional indispensibility

  2. Discuss Talcott Parsons contribution to the analysis of social change.

  3. “Not all facts about human behaviour are necessarily social facts.” State the meaning of social facts and the methods of studying them with reference to this statement.

  4. Explain the origin and characteristics of bureaucracy according to Max Weber. Illustrate the structural sources of dysfunctions of bureaucracy.

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Impacts of change in sex-role on family

    2. Types of exchange

    3. Education and social inequalities

    4. Reformative social movements

  2. Compare the role of custom as an agency of social control in primitive and modern industrial societies.

  3. Discuss the meaning and role of voluntary organizations in the efforts of transformation of society through state-action.

  4. Critically examine the impact traditional social structures on the development and functioning of a democratic polity.

Paper II

Section A

  1. Write notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. Varna ashramadharma

    2. Avenues of caste mobility in traditional Indian society

    3. Role of pressure groups in Indian politics

    4. Social consequences of market economy

  2. “Tradition and modernity co-exist in contemporary Indian society.” Discuss the factors responsible for this continuity and change.

  3. Describe the factors responsible for increasing economic inequalities in India and discuss their social consequences.

  4. How far has education of women led to an improvement in their social status in the modern Indian society? Which other factors are related to the status of women in India?

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. Urban neighbourhoods

    2. Pattern of secularism in India

    3. Problem of education among Backward classes

    4. Indicators of modernization in Indian society

  2. Describe the socio-cultural consequences of tribals contacts with the non-tribals. What measures would you suggest to bring the tribals in the national mainstream?

  3. Describe the traditional power structure in rural India. Discuss the factors that have contributed to its changes pattern in recent years.

  4. Do you think that caste and democracy are compatible with each other? Discuss with reference to some studies conducted on the issue in India.