IAS Mains Sociology-1998 (Main)

(Paper-I)

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300

Candidates should attempt Questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. All questions carry equal marks.

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following each note should not exceed 200 words:

    1. Value neutrality in social science

    2. Reliability of a sample

    3. Pattern variables

    4. Caste as a class

  2. “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but on the contrary it is their social being that determines their consciousness.” Examine Karl Marxs notion of mode of production in the light of this statement.

  3. Analyse critically the functional theory of social stratification.

  4. Socialisation is a process by which all of us acquire the culture that we transmit to the next generation. Elaborate the statement and discuss its various stages.

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (each note should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Features of pre-industrial economic system

    2. Education and culture

    3. Vertical and horizontal mobility

    4. Religious pluralism

  2. Examine social consequences of changes in technology. Illustrate your answer with examples from new productive processes and equipment.

  3. Explain the concept of power. Distinguish between power and authority.

  4. What are the structural conditions under which movements emerge? Discuss with reference to anyone theory of genesis of social movements.

Paper-II

Section A

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (in not more than 200 words each):

    1. Response of Indian society to the early impact of West

    2. Implications of emergence of regional political parties

    3. Modes and contents of expression of Dalit consciousness

    4. Problem of adult illiteracy in India

  2. Assess the impact of market economy on the traditional rural economic structure.

  3. Examine the causes and consequences of growing size of urban middle class.

  4. Analyse critically the Government of Indias tribal policy.

Section B

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following (in not more than 200 words each):

    1. Revivalist social movements in India

    2. Increasing economic disparities between rural and urban populations

    3. Role of caste associations

    4. Social consequences of unplanned urban growth

  2. Discuss the constitutional safeguards for religious minority groups and account for increasing religious fundamentalism in India.

  3. “Political and economic empowerment of women is necessary but not a sufficient condition for improving social status of women in India.” Comment.

  4. Examine the socio-economic consequences of the changing age-structure of Indias population.