IAS 2012 Prelims Solved Paper II Aptitude (Part 1 of 18)

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Direction for the 15 (fifteen) item: Read the following three passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answer to these items should be based on the passage only


Education, without a doubt, has an important functional Instrumental and utilitarian dimension. This is revealed when one ask question such as what is the purpose of education? The answers, too often, are to acquire qualifications for employment/upward mobility, wider/higher in terms of income opportunities, and to meet the needs for trained human power diverse fields for national development. But in its deepest sense education is not instrumentalist. That is to say, it is not to be justified outside of itself because it leads to the acquisition of formal skills or of certain desired psychological social attributes Ii must he respected in itself. Education is thus not a commodity lo be acquired or possessed and then used, but a process of inestimable importance to individuals and society, although it can and dose have enormous use value. Education then, is a process at expansion and conversion, not in the sense of converting or turning students into doctors or engineers, but the widening and turning out of the mind-the creation, Kustenaneo and development of self-critical awareness independence of thought. It is an inner process of moral-intellectual development.

  1. What you understand by the instrumentalist view of education?

    1. Education is functional and utilitarian in its purposes

    2. Education is meant to fulfil human needs.

    3. The purpose of education is to train the human intellect

    4. Education is meant to achieve moral development

    Answer: b

  2. According to the passage, education must be respected in itself because:

    1. it helps to acquire qualifications for employment

    2. it helps in upward mobility and acquiring uncial status

    3. it is an inner process of moral and intellectual development

    4. All the a, b & c given above are correct in this context.

    Answer: c

  3. Education is a process in which

    1. students are converted into trained professionals.

    2. opportunities for higher income are generated.

    3. individuals develop self-critical awareness and independence of thought.

    4. qualifications for upward mobility are acquired.

    Answer: c