IAS Prelims 2014 Paper II Solutions - Part 3 of 4 [ IAS Updates ]

(on India)

The complete solutions for Paper II CSAT 2014 Paper -Part 3 of 4 for video solutions. In this video we will discuss the third set of 20 questions. The questions are given below the video.

YouTube: IAS CSAT 2014 Solutions for Paper 2 - Part 3 of 4

In this video we will understand the solutions for Paper 2 UPSC CSAT Paper 2 - Part 3 of 4

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause.

41. Cynthia was afraid to stand on stage because

(a) she felt her classmates may laugh at her.

(b) her stomach was churning.

(c) she lacked self-confidence.

(d) she did not like school plays.

42. Cynthia’s classmates were chatting because

(a) it was their tum to act next.

(b) they were bored of the performances.

(c) Cynthia did not act well.

(d) the teacher had no control over them.

43. Cynthia’s knees were quaking because

(a) she felt nervous and shy.

(b) the teacher scolded her.

(c) she was very thin and weak.

(d) she was afraid of her classmates.

44. The transformation that occurred during the audition refers to

(a) the nervousness of Cynthia.

(b) the eruption of the entire room in thunderous applause.

(c) the surprise on the faces of her classmates.

(d) the stunning performance of Cynthia.

45. If the 3rd day of a month is Monday, which one of the following will be the fifth day from 21st of this month?

(a) Monday

(b) Tuesday

(c) Wednesday

(d) Friday

46. For a charity show, the total tickets sold were 420. Half of these tickets were sold at the rate of Rs. 5 each, one-third at the rate of Rs. 3 each and the rest for Rs. 2 each. What was the total amount received?

(a) Rs. 900

(b) Rs. 1,540

(c) Rs. 1,610

(d) Rs. 2,000

Directions for the following 3 (three) items :

Read the passage given below and answer the items that follow.

A, B, C, D, E, F are members of a family. They are engineer, stenographer, doctor, draughtsman, lawyer and judge (not in order). A, the engineer is married to the lady stenographer. The judge is married to the lawyer. F, the draughtsman is the son of B and brother of E. C, the lawyer is the daughter-in-law of D. E is the unmarried doctor. D is the grandmother of F. There are two married couples in the family.

47. What is the profession of B?

(a) Judge

(b) Lawyer

(c) Draughtsman

(d) Cannot be determined

48. Which of the following couple/couples?

(a) AD only

(b) BC only

(c) Both AD and BC

(d) Both AC and BD

49. What is the profession of D?

(a) Judge

(b) Stenographer

(c) Doctor

(d) Cannot be determined

Directions for the following 7 (seven) items:

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.

Passage - 1

Many nations now place their faith in capitalism and governments choose it as the strategy to create wealth for their people. The spectacular economic growth seen in Brazil, China and India after the liberalization of their economies is proof of its enormous potential and success. However, the global banking crisis and the economic recession have left many bewildered. The debates tend to focus on free market operations and forces, their efficiency and their ability for self-correction. Issues of justice, integrity and honesty are rarely elaborated to highlight the failure of the global banking system. The apologists of the system continue to justify the success of capitalism and argue that the recent crisis was a blip. Their arguments betray an “ideological bias” with the assumptions that an unregulated market is fair and competent, and that the exercise of private greed will be in the larger public interest.

Few recognize the bidirectional relationship between capitalism and greed; that each reinforces the other. Surely, a more honest conceptualization of the conflicts of interest among the rich and powerful players who have benefited from the system, their biases and ideology is needed; the focus on the wealth creation should also highlight the resultant gross inequity.

50. The apologists of the “Free Market System”, according to the passage, believe in

(a) market without control by government authorities.

{b) market without protection by the government.

(c) ability of market to self-correct.

(d) market for free goods and services.

51. With reference to “ideological bias” the passage implies that

(a) free market is fair but not competent.

(b) free market is not fair but competent.

(c) free market is fair and competent.

(d) free market is neither fair nor biased.

52. “The exercise of private greed will be in the larger public interest” from the passage

1. refers to the false ideology of capitalism.

2. underlies the righteous claims of the free market.

3. shows the benevolent face of capitalism.

4. ignores resultant gross inequity.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 4 only

Passage-2

Net profits are only 22% of their total assets for central public sector undertakings, lower than for the private corporate sector. While the public sector or the State-led entrepreneurship played an important role in triggering India’s industrialization, our evolving development needs, comparatively less-than satisfactory performance of the public sector enterprises, the maturing of our private sector, a much larger social base now available for expanding entrepreneurship and the growing institutional capabilities to enforce competition policies would suggest that the time has come to review the role of public sector.

What should the portfolio composition of the government be? It should not remain static all times. The airline industry works well as a purely private affair. At the opposite end, rural roads, whose sparse traffic makes tolling unviable, have to be on the balance-sheet of the State. If the government did not own rural roads, they would not exist. Similarly, public health capital in our towns and cities will need to come from the public sector. Equally, preservation and improvement of forest cover will have to be a new priority for the public sector assets.

Take the example of steel. With near-zero tariffs, India is a globally competitive market for the metal. Indian firms export steel into the global market, which demonstrates there is no gap in technology. Indian companies are buying up global steel companies, which shows there is no gap in capital availability. Under these conditions, private ownership works best. Private ownership is clearly desirable in regulated industries, ranging from finance to infrastructure, where a government agency performs the function of regulation and multiple competing firms are located in the private sector. Here, the simple and clean solution - government as the umpire and the private sector as the players is what works best. In many of these industries, we have a legacy of government ownership, where productivity tends to be lower, fear of bankruptcy is absent, and the risk of asking for money from the tax payer is ever present.

There is also the conflict of interest between government as an owner and as the regulator. The formulation and implementation of competition policy will be more vigorous and fair if government companies are out of action.

53. According to the passage, what is/are reason/reasons for saying that the time has come to review the role of public sector?

1. Now public sector has lost its relevance in the industrialization process.

2. Public sector does not perform satisfactorily.

3. Entrepreneurship in private sector is expanding.

4. Effective competition policies are available now.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in the given context?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

54. According to the passage, rural roads should be in the domain of public sector only. Why?

(a) Rural development work is the domain of government only.

(b) Private sector cannot have monetary gains in this.

(c) Government takes money from tax payers and hence it is the responsibility of government only.

(d) Private sector need not have any social responsibility.

55. The portfolio composition of the government refers to

(a) Public sector assets quality.

(b) Investment in liquid assets.

(c) Mix of government investment in different industrial sectors.

(d) Buying Return on Investment yielding capital assets.

56. The author prefers government as the umpire and private sector as players because

(a) Government prescribes norms for a fair play by the private sector.

(b) Government is the ultimate in policy formulation.

(c) Government has no control over private sector players.

(d) None of the above statements is correct in this context.

57. A question paper must have a question on one of the eight poets: A, B, C, D, E, F, G or H.

The first four belong to the medieval period while the rest are considered modern poets. Generally, modern poets figure in the question paper in alternate years. Generally those who like H like G also; and those who like F like E also. The paper-setter does not like to ask about F as he has written a book on F, but be likes F. Last year, the paper contained a question on A. On the basis of the information given, this year’s paper is most likely to contain a question on

(a) C

(b) E

(c) F

(d) H

58. In a group of six women there are four dancers, four vocal musicians, one actress and three violinists. Girija and Vanaja are among the violinists while Jalaja and Shailaja do not know how to play on the violin. Shailaja and Tanuja are among the dancers. Jalaja, Vanaja, Shailaja and Tanuja are all vocal musicians and two of them are also violinists. If Pooja is an actress, who among the following is certainly a dancer and a violinist?

(a) Jalaja

(b) Pooja

(c) Shailaja

(d) Tanuja

59. The letters L, M, N, 0, P, Q, R, S and T in their order are substituted by nine integers 1 to 9 but not in order. 4 is assigned to P. The difference between P and T is 5. The difference between N and T is 3. What is the integer assigned to N ?

(a) 7

(b) 5

(c) 4

(d) 6

60. The number of deaths among the army personnel is 8 in 1000, but among the civilian population it is 20 per 1000. Which one of the following inferences can be drawn from this statement?

(a) It is better to join the army.

(b) The relationship is fortuitous.

(c) Quality of Life Index is very high within the armed forces.

(d) The groups cannot be compared due to their heterogeneity.

- Published on: August 28, 2014